According to the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 187/2006/QD-TTg dated 15/8/2006, the 3rd census on economic, administrative and public service establishments is conducted on 1st July 2007 through out the country. This is a big census with large coverage, which happens every five years (the first in 1995, the second in 2002). It covers all administrative agencies, public-service units, Party and social organizations and associations, and active business enterprises and establishments of all activities in the economy (excluding active individual establishments in the sector of agriculture-forestry-fishery, which were covered by the 2006 rural, agricultural & fishery census, and international organizations and missions located in Viet Nam.

The purpose of the census is to collect basic information on active “economic establishments” at the reference period, i.e. number of establishments, type of organization, type of activity, emplyment, turnover/income, IT application level by establishments.

Against two previous censuses, the content of this census not only ensures inheriting and succeeding of basic indicators but also adds more items indicating current developing economic activities such as information on trade village in urban areas, industrial parks/processing zones,  industrial groups, trade village groups…

Required indicators are designed in 8 types of questionnaires and 2 subsidiary indexes, including:

+ Questionnaire 01/TDT-DN: collection of information on business establishments of the business sector;

+ Questionnaires 02A/TDT-CT, 02B/TDT-CT and 02C/TDT-CT: collection of information on individual business establishments of industry, construction, transportation and warehouse, hotel, restaurant, tourism and other services;

+ Questionnaire 03/TDT-HCSN: collection of information on administrative and public service establishments;

+ Questionnaire 04/TDT-TG: collection of information on religious establishments (these belong to the administrative and public-service group, however, due to simple information required for collection a separated and more suitable questionnaire was designed for them);

+ Questionnaire 05/TDT-KCN: collection of information on industrial/processing zones, industrial, trade village groups;

+ Questionnaire 06/TDT-LN: collection information on trade villages in urban area;

Additionally, two subsidiary indexes are for collection of more information on establishments that locate in industrial/processing zones, industrial, trade village groups…

Preliminary results of the census will be seleased right after the census finishes and first tabulations will be pulished (December 2007) by main following indicators:

– Total active economic establishments at the reference period (1/7/2007) by type of organization like enterprises, enterprise branches, individual business households, government agency, Party and social organizations and associations, public service units (in health cares, education, culture, science, entertainment services…)

– Corresponding to the number of economic establishments is the number of manpower working in each type of establishment.

– Above indicators will be categorized by province/city, district, economic sector and type of establishment.

Official results of the census will be published in the end of Quarter 2, 2008. Based on these, many aggregates will be compiled, meeting information requirements of users, helping policy makers and planners in putting forward economic develiopment plans, allocating human resources by industry, region and locality, and assessing the economic development of the country in mid years of 2006-2010 plan cycle.

Notably, in this census, “economic establishment”-the survey unit is defined as a location where happens regular, continuous or periodic economic activities that are managed or implemented by resposible persons. According to this definition, economic establishment is the smallest unit and a suitable survey unit for estimating economic aggregates such as net GDP by teritory and industry.

This is a major different point from annual statistical surveys conducted by the General Statistics Office (GSO).

To carry out a big census, a lot of preparations have been done: establishment of a Central Steering Committee (the GSO Director-General is Chaiman, members include vice ministers of Planning & Investment, Finance, Police and National Defence, and a vice chairman of the Central Economic Committee), local steering committees (from commune/village to provincial level), steering committees of ministries of Police and National Defence, issuance of the Census projection; on-the-job training; listing census units; publicizing the Census’ purposes; printing of guiding documents and questionnairres, ect.

Now, preparations have been nearly completed; the time for starting the census is forthcoming. A force of nearly 30,000 enumerators, team leaders, and supervisors has been mobilized and trained to implement the job of collecting data from economic establishments over the country. At the same time, to ensure collection of sufficient, accurate and timely information it is necessary to receive active respondance and cooperation of all economic establishments, particularly of government agencies, Party and social organizations, enterprises, individual households in filling in questionnaires or providing information to enumerators. This is an extremely important process deciding quality of the census data.

After the collection is finalised, information from questionnaires will be checked for acceptance, and be entered into computer, tabulated, compiled and released in accordance with the Prime Minister’s Decision. Further, a detailed database of the census will be established to meet requirements for detailed and diversified data of users in and outside the country.