1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery
a. Agriculture
As of August 15, 2014, the country cultivated 1,446,500 hectares of winter rice, equaling 98.6% from the same period last year, of which provinces in the North completed 1,179,100 hectares, equaling the figure in the same period last year; provinces in the South cultivated 267,400 hectares, equaling 92.7%.
Together with this, provinces in the South had completed the summer-autumn rice harvest for 1,116,700 hectares, equaling 94.9% from 2013’s same period, of which the Mekong delta reached 1,051,700 hectares, accounting for 62.3% of the cultivated area and equaling 96.1%. According to the preliminary report, the country’s estimated summer-autumn rice yield this year achieved 11.3 million tons, rose over 90,000 tons compared to the same crop last year, with estimated productivity of 5,330 kilograms per hectare, rising 120 kilograms per hectare.
As of mid-August, provinces over the country cultivated 992,500 hectares of maize, equaling 103.1% from 2013’s same period; 127,400 hectares of sweet potato, equaling 102.5%; 96,100 hectares of soybean, equaling 87.8%; 186,100 hectares of peanut, equaling 94.9%; 894,700 hectares of vegetables, equaling 108.7%.
As estimated, the country’s flock of buffalos decreased by 1% against the similar period in 2013; flock of oxen rose 0.5% – 1%. Pig breeding tended to be favorable; the live-weight pig price rose; the blue-ear pig disease was controlled creating a good psychology for breeders. The country’s flock of pigs was estimated to increase by 1% – 1.5% from the same period in 2013. The total flock of fowls over the country in the month was estimated to raise about 1% – 2% from the similar period last year.
As of August 20, 2014, there was not any province over the country which remained the bird flu and blue-ear pig disease not over 21 days. The food and mouth disease not above 21 days still remained in Nghe An province.
b. Forestry
Generally, in eight months, the newly concentrated planted forest area reached 120,600 hectares, rose 10.6% from the identical period in 2013; the number of dispersed planted trees gained 134.5 million, down 1.1%; the wood production achieved 3,656,000 m3, rose 7.8%.
Generally, in eight months, the country had 3014 hectares of damaged forest, 113% increase against the same period last year, of which there were 2504 hectares of burnt forest; rose 188.3%; 510 hectares of destroyed forest, down 6.7%.
c. Fishery
Generally, the total estimated fishing production in eight months reached 4,006,600 tons, rose 4% from 2013’s same period, of which the farmed production gained 2,118,300 tons, a rise of 3.1%; caught yield achieved 1,888,300 tons, an increase of 4.9%.
2. Industry
As estimated, Industrial Production Index (IPI) in August rose 6.7% from the last year’ same period. Of which the mining and quarrying increased by 0.1%; the manufacturing by 8.4%; the power generation and supply by 10.0%; the water supply and waste treatment by 7.4% respectively.
IPI in eight months of this year was estimated to grow by 6.3% from the same period in 2013. In the general growth rate of the whole industry in eight months, the manufacturing went up by 8.1%, contributed 5.6 percentage points; the power generation and supply by 11.2%, contributed 0.8 percentage points; the water supply and waste treatment by 6.2%, contributed 0.1 percentage points; only the mining and quarrying continued to have a decline of 0.8%, making the overall growth rate reduce 0.2 percentage points.
Consumption index for the whole manufacturing in July 2014 increased by 2.7% from the previous month and rose 9.2% from the same period last year. Generally, in seven months, consumption index of this industry went up by 8.9% against 2013’s similar period. Stock index for the entire manufacturing as of August 01, 2014 grew by 13.4% compared to that in 2013’s same period. Stock rate for the whole manufacturing on average in seven months was 77.3%.
Labor employed index (LEI) for industrial enterprises as of August 1, 2014 had a rise of 4.1% from the same period last year, of which the state sector decreased by 0.5%; the non-state sector increased by 4.2%, and the FDI sector rose 5.6%. As of above period, LEI of the mining and quarrying fell by 4.1% from the same period last year; the manufacturing grew by 4.7%; the power generation and supply by 2.3%; the water supply and waste treatment by 4% respectively.
3. The situation of the business activities
Generally, in eight months, the country had 47,500 enterprises registered for new establishment with a total registered capital of 289.8 trillion dongs, decrease of 9.5% on the number of businesses and increase of 14.2% in registered capital from the same period last year. The registered capital per enterprise was 6.1 billion dongs, rose 26.2% against 2013’s same period. The expected workers provided with jobs in the newly established enterprises in eight months were 708,500 persons, 1% increase from the same period last year. The process of screening and eliminating enterprises took place relatively strongly over the country. The number of enterprises having difficulty forced to dissolve, or register for time-limited temporary cessation of operations, or suspended businesses waiting for closing the enterprise code or without registration in eight months was 44,500, rose 12.9% from the same period in 2013. Of which there were 6400 dissolved enterprises; 7600 enterprises registering for time-limited temporary cessation of operations; 30,500 suspended enterprises waiting for closing the enterprise code or without registration. The total capital of enterprises actually having difficulty was 339.2 trillion dongs, of which the registered capital for enterprises finishing procedures for dissolving was 49.3 trillion dongs; the registered capital of suspended enterprises waiting for closing the enterprise code or without registration was 289.9 trillion dongs (The registered capital of enterprises really having difficulty but not finishing procedures for dissolving yet). At the same time, in eight months, the total additional registered capital was 658.5 trillion dongs, of which the registered capital of enterprises registered for new establishment was 289.8 trillion dongs; the additional registered capital of enterprises was 368.7 trillion dongs. In eight months, the country had 10,900 enterprises re-operated, rose 2.6% from the similar period in 2013.
Regarding the registration of enterprises by kind of activity in eight months, a number of sectors have shown positive signals through an increase in the number of newly established enterprises and a decline in the number of difficult ones, including: the production and distribution of electricity, water, gas rose 12.4% in the number of newly established enterprises and declined 27.9% in the number of difficult enterprises forced to dissolve or suspending operations; other services grew by 3.6% and fell by 15.9% respectively. Sectors showed the strong restructuring through the figures on enterprises dissolved, withdrew from the market like as: The art, entertainment rose 46.5% in the number of newly established enterprises and rose 26.2% in the number of suspended enterprises; the agriculture, forestry and fishery increased by 23.9% and by 6.3%; the real estate business by 21.5% and by 11.2%; the health care and social assistance activities by 18.8% and by 30.9%; the information and communication by 7.9% and by 30.9% respectively. Sectors still had difficulty in production and business such as the wholesale; retail; repairing automobile, motorbike decreased by 18.4% in the number of newly established enterprises and went up by 15.8% in the number suspended enterprises; employment service; tourism; renting machinery, tools and other support services fell by 13.7% and increased by 5.4%; construction went down by 12.1% and grew by 12.9% respectively.
4. Investment
The realized investment capital from the state budget in eight months of this year reached 129,046 billion dongs, equaling 69.7% of the yearly plan and rising 2.1% from 2013’s same period, including: the capital under central management reached 29,231 billion dongs, equaling 74.0% of the annual plan and increasing 2.3% from the same period last year; the capital under local management achieved 99,815 billion dongs, equaling 68.5% of the yearly plan and growing 2.1% compared to the identical period in 2013. Of which, the state budget capital at the provincial level gained 68,756 billion dongs, equaling 66.0% and rose 1.7%; district level reached 25,074 billion dongs, equaling 73.3% and rose 3.7%; commune level achieved 5985 billion dongs, equaling 81.1% and decreased 1.0% respectively.
FDI from the beginning of the year to August 20, 2014 attracted 992 newly licensed projects with the registered capital of US $ 7246.2 million, rose 29.0% in the number of projects and down 2.1% in the capital from the similar period in 2013. Besides, 349 times of license-granted projects from the previous years were provided with additional capital of US $ 2985.9 million. Therefore, the total registered capital of both newly and additionally financed projects reached US $ 10232.1 million, reduced by 19.0% against the same period in 2013. Estimated realized FDI capital in eight months of this year gained US $ 7.9 billion, rose 4.5% from the last year’s same period.
In eight months, the manufacturing attracted foreign investors with the registered capital of US $ 7000.8 million, accounting for 68.4% of the total registered capital; the real estate business received US $ 1154.3 million, accounting for 11.3%; the construction achieved US $ 552.9 million, accounting for 5.4%; other industries received US $ 1524.1 million, taking 14.9%.
The country had 45 provinces and cities directly under the central management which received newly licensed FDI projects in eight months from 49 nations and territories.
5. Government revenues and expenditures
Total estimated government revenues from the beginning of the year to August 15, 2014 achieved 538.8 trillion dongs, equaled 68.8% of the annual estimate, of which domestic revenues reached 366.7 trillion dongs, equaled 68%; collecting from crude oil achieved 64 trillion dongs, equaled 75.1%; from export-import balance 103.7 trillion dongs, equaled 67.3%. Of home revenues, 124.8 trillion dongs were from state enterprises, equaling 67.6% of the yearly estimate; 78.6 trillion dongs were from FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil), equaling 70.4%; 69.5 trillion dongs were from non-state industrial, commercial and service taxes, equaling 64.8%; 30.6 trillion dongs were from individual income tax, equaling 64.5%; 6.9 trillion dongs were from tax on environment protection, equaling 54.7%; and 6.3 trillion dongs were from other fees, equaling 61.4%.
From the beginning of the year to August 15, 2014, total government expenditures reached an estimate of 627.9 trillion dongs, equaling 62.4% of the yearly estimate. Of which, spending for investment development achieved 104.9 trillion dongs, equaling 64.4% (only capital construction reached 101.7 trillion dongs, equaling 64.3%); economic and social development, national defense and security 445.4 trillion dongs, equaling 63.3%; paying debts and aids 77.6 trillion dongs, equaled 64.6%.
6. Trade, price and service
a. Retailed sales of consumer goods and services
Generally, in eight months of this year, total retailed sales of consumer goods, and services achieved 1900.4 trillion dongs, rose 11.4% from the same period in 2013, if the factor of inflation were excluded, it would be 6.4%, higher than the growth rate of 5.3% in 2013’s same period.
Total retailed sales of consumer goods and services in eight months of the state economic sector gained 191.8 trillion dongs, accounted for 10.1% of the total and grew by 8.2%; the non-state economic sector achieved 1643.7 trillion dongs, took 86.5%, rose 11.4%; the FDI sector reached 64.9 trillion dongs, took 3.4%, rose 23.7%. Of the total, retailed sales of goods reached 1431 trillion dongs, accounted for 75.3% and increased by 75.3%; accommodation and catering services gained 229.7 trillion dongs, accounted for 12.1% and increased by 11.8%; other services achieved 219.7 trillion dongs, took 11.6% and rose 14.9%; traveling service reached 20 trillion dongs, took 1% and rose 19.9%.
b. Exports – Imports
Generally, in eight months of this year, export turnovers gained an estimate of US $ 97 billion, grew by 14.1% from the same period in 2013. Of which the domestic economic sector achieved US $ 31.8 billion, increased by 11.1% and accounted for 32.7% of the total export turnovers; the FDI sector (including crude oil) reached US $ 65.2 billion, went up by 15.6% and accounted for 67.3%.
About the export market in eight months, the United States was still the biggest market of Vietnam with US $ 18.5 billion, a rise of 22.5% compared to the same period in 2013. The next was the EU with US $ 17.9 billion, a rise of 13.3%; the ASEAN market reached US $ 12.4 billion, increased by 0.5%; the Chinese market gained US $ 9.8 billion, by 15.2%, much higher than the growth rate of 1.6% in 2013’s similar period; the Japanese market achieved US $ 9.9 billion, by 12.7%; the South Korean market reached US $ 4.3 billion, by 3.1%.
Generally, in eight months of this year, import turnover was estimated to reach US $ 95.3 billion, rose 12% from the identical period last year, of which the domestic economic sector gained US $ 41.9 billion, rose 13.4%; the FDI sector reached US $ 53.4 billion, grew by 10.9%.
About the import market in eight months of this year, although China was still the largest one with a turnover of US $ 27.6 billion, rose 17.3% compared to the similar period in 2013, but lower than the growth rate of 27% in the same period last year. Therefore, the trade deficit from the Chinese market was estimated to reach US $ 17.8 billion, rose 18.5% from 2013’s identical period and lower than the growth rate of 50% in the same period in 2013. Followings were the ASEAN with US $ 15.2 billion, grew by 8.4%; the South Korea with US $ 14 billion, by 5.7%; Japan with US $ 8.1 billion, by 8%; the EU with US $ 5.8 billion, down 9.1%; the United States with US $ 4.2 billion, 19.9% increase.
Eight months’ trade surplus was US $ 1.7 billion, equaling 1.8% of the total export turnovers, of which the FDI sector (including crude oil) had the trade surplus of US $ 11.86 billion; the domestic economic sector had a trade deficit of US $ 10.16 billion.
c. Consumer price indexes (CPI)
August’s CPI rose 0.22% from the previous month, of which the catering and related service increased the most with 0.45% (grain food increased by 0.45%; foodstuff by 0.54%) mainly because the rice procurement for performing the new contract to export to Philippines and Malaysia made grain food price rise and the consumption demand on the fifteenth day of the seventh month in the lunar calendar made foodstuff price go up. Other groups of goods and services with slightly increased CPI included: garments, hats, footgear grew by 0.32%; education, medicines and health services by 0.22% (health services rose 0.24% because price of health services in Phu Yen province went up by 15.06% according to Resolution No.109/2014/NQ-HDND); drinks and tobacco by 0.13%; family appliances by 0.09%; culture, entertainment and tourist by 0.06%.
Groups of goods and services with decreased CPI compared to the previous month included: housing and constructional materials fell by 0.31% (Gas price by 1.41%; electricity price by 0.73%); transport by 0.06% due to 0.16% decrease in petrol price from three times of adjusting to reducing price; postal and communicational service by 0.02%.
CPI in August 2014 went up by 1.84% from December 2013 and by 4.31% from the same period last year. Average CPI in eight months of this year rose 4.73% compared to that in the same period last year, lower than the growth rate of 6.9% in 2013’s same period; this expressed the price stabilization of the market.
Gold price indexes in August decreased by 0.34% from the previous month and reduced by 3.06% from the same period last year. On average in eight months of this year, gold price indexes declined 14.16% against the identical period last year. US dollar price indexes in August fell by 0.26% from the previous month, by 0.07% from the last year’s similar period. On average in eight months, US dollar price indexes rose 0.57% compared to that in 2013’s similar period.
d. Carriage of passengers and cargos
Passenger carriage in eight months was estimated to reach 2019.3 million arrivals, raised by 6.9% and 91.7 billion passengers-kilometers, by 6.8% from the same period in 2013. Of which central transport reached 22.9 million passengers, increased by 4.6% and 23 billion passengers-kilometers, by 5.4%; local transport gained 1996.4 million passengers, by 7% and 68.8 billion passengers-kilometers, by 7.3%. Eight months’ estimated passenger transport by road achieved 1894.2 million passengers, grew by 7.1% and 67 billion passengers-kilometers, by 7.4% from the same period last year; transport by air reached 12.5 million passengers, by 8.8% and 19.1 billion passengers-kilometers, by 6.3%; transport by rail gained 8.4 million passengers, down 1.3% and 3.1 billion passengers-kilometers, rose 1%; transport by sea gained 3.6 million passengers, 4.2% increase and 165.1 million passengers-kilometers, 2.6% increase.
Eight months’ cargo carriage reached an estimate of 692.2 million tons, rose 4.7% and 144.8 billion tons-kilometers, rose 1.6% from the last year’ same period. Of which the domestic transport gained 672.6 million tons, increased by 5% and 68.1 billion tons-kilometers, by 3.2%; overseas transport reached 19.5 million tons, decreased by 4.4% and 76.7 billion tons-kilometers, grew by 0.3%. Cargo transport by road obtained 529 million tons, increased by 6.1% and 30.3 billion tons-kilometers, by 4.2%; river: 121.9 million tons, by 2.4% and 25.8 billion tons-kilometers, by 2.8%; sea: 36.5 million tons, down 6.6% and 85.5 billion tons-kilometers, rose 0.2%; rail: 4.7 million tons, 8.5% increase and 2.8 billion tons-kilometers, 10.4% increase.
e. International visitors to Viet Nam
Estimated number of international visitors to Viet Nam in eight months of this year reached 5471.2 thousand arrivals, grew by 12.2% from the last year’ same period, much higher than the growth rate of 7.9% in 2013’s same period. Of which, 3302.6 thousand arrivals came for tourist purposes, 10.5% growth; 919.8 thousand arrivals came for business purposes, a rise of 12.9%; 941.5 thousand arrivals came for visiting relatives, 15.8% growth.
7. SOCIAL ISSUE
a. Farmers’ food shortage
Generally, in eight months, the country had 293,100 households suffering from food shortage, reduced by 21.1% from the same period in 2013, corresponding with 1245 hunger persons, down 20.1%. To overcome the problem, from the beginning of the year, all administrative levels, sectors and localities provided difficult families with 20,600 tons of food and 19.7 billion dongs; only in August, nearly 924 tons of food.
b. Epidemic diseases and food poisoning
Generally, in eight months of this year, the country had 45,200 cases of hand, foot, mouth disease (3 died); 15,400 cases of hemorrhagic fever (10 died); 34,400 cases of measles suspected of roseola infantum, of which there were 5,800 positive cases of measles (147 died); 667 cases of virus encephalitis (27 died); 192 cases of typhoid; 22 cases of meningococcal disease (3 died); three cases of acquired palmoplantar keratoderma (1 died); and two cases died of A (H5N1) flu.
More 1400 HIV-infected cases were found in the month, bringing the number of living HIV-infected persons over the country as of August 17, 2014 to 219,900, of which 69,600 cases turned to AIDS. The number of persons died of AIDS over the country as of above period was 72,500.
Generally, in eight months, the country had 87 serious cases of food poisoning, infecting 2,900 persons, of which 19 cases died.
c. Traffic accidents
Generally, the country in eight months of this year had 16707 cases of the traffic accidents, including 6954 cases of traffic accidents and 9753 cases of traffic crashing, killing 6062 persons, injuring 3868 persons and slightly injuring 11894 others. In comparison with the same period last year, cases of the traffic accidents decreased by 4.7%; cases of traffic crashing slowed down 20%; the death fell by 4.2%; the injured persons reduced by 12.3%; slightly injured persons declined by 20.4%. On average, each day for eight months, the country had 69 cases of traffic accident, including 29 cases of traffic accidents and 40 cases of traffic crashing, killing 25 persons and injuring 16 persons and injuring somewhat 49 others.
d. Damage by natural calamity
Generally, in eight months of this year, natural calamity made 104 persons died and lost; 133 persons injured; nearly 1400 houses collapsed, swept away and 37,500 houses blown off, flooded; 31,000 ha of rice and 28,000 ha of vegetables flooded and damaged. The total value of damage caused by the disaster from the beginning of the year was estimated 1600 billion dongs.
e. Fire and explosion, environment protection
From the beginning of the year, the country had 1747 cases of fire and explosion, killing 77 persons and injuring 118 others. Damage by fire and explosion in eight months was at an estimate of 512 billion dongs.
The country in eight months found 4600 cases of violating regulations of environment protection, of which 2900 cases were treated with total fine of 481 billion dongs.