1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

      a) Agriculture

Agricultural production in the month focused mainly on cultivating, tending winter-spring paddy and cultivating crops in the country. As of January 15, 2017, the country cultivated 1,824.8 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, an equal to 96.3% of over the same period last year, of which Northern provinces reached 77.3 thousand hectares, an equal to 114 ,2%; Southern localities reached 1,747.5 thousand hectares, an equal to 95.7%, particularly Mekong River Delta reached 1,453.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 96.6%. The progress of cultivating winter-spring paddy this year in the southern provinces recorded low due to the crop calendar was slower than the previous year and the effects of heavy rain that caused floods on a large scale recently. Currently, winter-spring paddy was growing steadily, of which over 100 thousand hectares of early winter-spring paddy in dike in the Mekong Delta for harvested, an increase of above 30%, in comparison with that of over the same period in 2016.

Along with the cultivation of winter-spring paddy, As of the middle of January, localities in the country cultivated 171.7 thousand hectares of maize, an equal to 94.6% of over the same period last year; sweet potatoes reached 40.9 thousand hectares, an equal to 87.3%; soybean reached 14.9 thousand hectares, an equal to 52.5%; groundnut reached 23.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 69.6%; vegetables and beans reached 325.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 100.4%.

Cattle and poultry husbandry witnessed stability; there were no longer recorded diseases[1]. Buffalo population in the country was estimated in January decreased by 0.1% compared with that of over the same period last year; cattle population increased by 2% -2.3%; pigs increased by 4.7% -5.2%; poultry increased by 4.5% -5%.

        b) Forestry

Forestry production in the month focused mainly on tending, regenerating and protecting forests and prepared for the Lunar New Year planting. In January, the country concentrated forests area was estimated at 1,295 hectares, a decline of 1.3%  of over the same period last year; number of dispersed trees reached 718 thousand trees, a decline of 4.5%; wood production reached 401 thousand m3, a growth of 11.7%; production of firewood reached 1.5 million ste, a decline of 2.5%.

The damaged forest area in January was 30 hectares, of which forest fire area recorded 19 hectares, concentrated in Northern Midlands and Mountainous areas; destroyed forest area recorded 11 hectares.

        c) Fishery

Production fishery in January was estimated at 427.2 thousand tons, an increase of 0.8% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 317.5 thousand tons, a decline of 1.1%; shrimp reached 40.4 thousand tons, an increase of 14.1%. Aquaculture production in the month was estimated at 208.8 thousand tons, a growth of 2.4% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 153.9 thousand tons, a decline of 0.7%; shrimp reached 30.2 thousand tons, an increase of 19.8%.

The weather witnessed favorable for shrimp farming along with stable prices, so shrimp production recorded good. Production of tiger shrimp in January was estimated at 12 thousand tons, an increase of 9.1% of over the same period last year; white leg shrimp production reached 15 thousand tons, an increase of 36.4%, of which Ca Mau reached 4.5 thousand tons, a rise of 40.6%; Bac Lieu reached 1.1 thousand tons, an increase of 1.1%.

Pegasus farming, though prices witness stability, there recorded an uptrend, however, the supply was not much due to some Pegasus households suffered losses in the previous year and did not return farming that caused to empty pond or conversion into other farming types. Pegasus production in January 2017 was estimated at 92 thousand tons, a decline of 6.1% compared with that of over the same period last year, of which Dong Thap reached 27.2 thousand tons, a growth of 0.4%; Can Tho reached 6.7 thousand tons, a decline of 14.1%; Tien Giang reached 3.4 thousand tons, a decline of 22.3%.

Fishery production in January was estimated at 217 thousand tons, a decline of 1.3% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 163.6 thousand tons, a drop of 1.5%; Shrimp reached 10.2 thousand tons, equivalence to that of over the same period in 2016. Due to effects of tropical depressions and gasoline prices, some vessels still anchored waiting for the north fish, especially offshore fishing vessels. Marine fisheries production was estimated at 204.4 thousand tons, a decline of 1.4%, of which fish reached 150 thousand tons, a decline of 1.6%; shrimp reached 9.4%, equivalence to that of over the same period in 2016.

  1. Industrial production

The index of industrial production (IIP) in January 2017 was estimated to increase by 0.7% compared to the same period last year (because Dinh Dau Tet holiday mainly fell on January), of which the manufacturing, the production and distribution of electricity, and the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities increased by 4.7%, 5%, and 7.1%, respectively, which contributing 3.3 percentage points, 0.3 percentage points, and 0.1 percentage points, respectively; the mining and quarrying decreased by 13.9%, causing a 3 percentage points decrease in the overall growth.

In January this year, some industrial activities have the high rise of the IIP over the same period last year: the manufacture of textile (16%); the manufacture of fabricated metal products (14.8%); the manufacture of basic metals (10.7%); the manufacture of motor vehicles (9.9%); the IIP of the manufacture of tobacco products, the mining and quarrying also increased by 0.6%. A number of industrial activities experienced a decrease of IIP, such as the manufacture of leather and related products (0.6%); the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (2.1%); the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (4%); the mining of hard coal and lignite (5.3%); the extraction of crude oil and natural gas (16.9%).

In January 2017, some main industrial products increased sharply over the same period last year: Television (35.2%); rolled steel (22.3%); animal feed (12.9%); processed seafood (12.5%). Besides, products including chemical paint,  iron and crude steel, and fresh milk slightly increased by 7.7%, 7.5%, and 7.2%, respectively. Some products moderately decreased over the same period last year: the manufacture of leather footwear (2.8%); mixed fertilizer (NPK) (4.2%); coal (5.3%); urea fertilizer (6.4%); liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) (8.8%); powder milk (11.5%); refined sugar (12.3%); mobile phones (14.9%); extracted crude oil (15%); shampoo, conditioner (19.2%); natural gas (23.5%).

Some localities with large share of the industry sector in January 2017 showed an increase in the IIP compared to the same period last year, for example: Thai Nguyen (13.6%); Hai Phong (12%); Vinh Phuc (7.3%); Hai Duong (5.6%); Binh Duong (5.5%); Can Tho (4.9%); Dong Nai (4.7%); Ha Noi (4.3%); Ho Chi Minh City (3.8%); Quang Nam (1.4%). Otherwise, the IIP of Da Nang, Quang Ninh, Bac Ninh, and Ba Ria – Vung Tau decreased by 1.9%, 3.6%, 6.1%, and 9.6%, respectively.

The index of industrial shipment (IIS) of the manufacturing activities in December 2016 increased by 4.4% over the previous month and increased by 11.1% over the same period last year. Generally for the year of 2016, the IIS increased by 8.5% compared to 2015, of which some industrial activities enjoyed a relatively high increase: the manufacture of motor vehicles (21%); the manufacture of electronic, computers and optical products (16.4%); the manufacture of beverages (13.1%); the manufacture of basic metals (12.9%). Some industrial activities experienced a modest increase of the IIS, including the manufacture of leather and related products (4.5%); the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (3.2%); the manufacture of tobacco products (2.8%0; the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products as well as the manufacture of other transport vehicles (2.5%); the manufacture of paper and paper products (0.7%).

The index of industrial inventory of the manufacturing as of 1st January, 2017 increased by 8.3% compared to the same period in 2016, of which showed had a decrease of the index of industrial inventory compared to the average: the manufacture of textile (5.7%); the manufacture of wearing apparel (5.6%); the manufacture of basic metals (7.3%); the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (7.8%); the manufacture of fabricated metal products (8.1%); the manufacture of electrical equipment (11%); the manufacture of other transport vehicles (13.1%); the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (15.8%). Some industrial activities possessed a remarkable increase in the index of industrial inventory: the manufacture of paper and paper products (119.6%); the manufacture of motor vehicles (47.1%); the manufacture of beverages (40.3%); the manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products (35.1%); the manufacture of food products (20.2%).

The number of employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st January 2017 increased by 1.1% compared to the same period last year, of which the number of employees in the state-owned enterprises decreased by 2.4%; in non-state enterprises increased by 0.4%; in FDI enterprises increased by 2.5%. At the same time, the number of employees working in the mining and quarrying decreased by 5.6% compared to the same period last year; in the manufacturing increased by 1.5%; in the production and distribution of electricity decreased by 1%; in the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities went up 2.8%.

Some localities with large share of the industry sector witnessed an increase in the number of employees working in enterprises as of 1st January, 2017 compared to the same period last year: Hai Phong (14.3%); Vinh Phuc (7.9%); Binh Duong (4.1%); Ha Noi (3%); Hai Duong (2.8%); Da Nang (2.7%); Quang Nam (1.9%); Can Tho (0.9%); Quang Ninh (0.6%); Ho Chi Minh City (0.1%). However, the number of employees working in enterprises in Quang Ngai, Ba Ria – Vung Tau decreased by 3.2%, and 7.4%, respectively.

  1. Enterprises registration status[2]

In January 2017, there were 8,990 newly registered enterprises in the whole country with a registered capital of 90.3 trillion VND, an increase of 8.1% in number of enterprises and 52.3% in registered capital compared with the same period in 2016; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise reached 10 billion VND, an increase of 40.9%[3]. If including the 114.6 trillion VND of the additional registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, the total additional registered capital in the economy in January was 204.9 trillion VND. The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises in the month was 104.1 thousand persons, equaling 83.9% of the same period in 2016. There were 5,564 re-operation enterprises in this month, increasing by 14.2% compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and re-operation enterprises in January to nearly 14.6 thousand enterprises.

The number of newly registered enterprises in the month in almost economic activities increased compared to the same period last year, of which some economic activities increased strongly in both the number of enterprises and the registered capital, as follows: arts, entertainment and recreation increased by 2.4% in number of enterprises and 658% in registered capital; human health and social work activities rose by 57.6% and 455.5%; mining grew up 3.4% and 401.2%; employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services climbed by 14.7% and 249.6%; real estate activities jumped up 75.3% and 215%; financial, banking and insurance activities expanded 4.8% and 68.1% …

The number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures in January 2017 was 1,583 enterprises, going up by 18.3% compared to the same period last year, of which 1,460 enterprises with capital of less than 10 billion VND, accounting for 92.2 % and up 16.3%. By kinds of enterprise, out of the total number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures, there were 592 one-member limited liability companies (sharing 37.4%); 487 two-member limited liability companies (accounting for 30.8%); 190 private enterprises (making up 12%) and 314 joint stock companies (forming 19.8%).

The number of temporarily ceased enterprises was 13,289, an upturn of 6.7% compared to the same period last year, including 6,822 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, a rise of 31.7% and 6,467 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, reduced 11.1%.

The total number of enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, there were 2,653 one-member limited liability companies (constituted 38.9%); 2,274 two-member limited liability companies (accounting for 33.3%); 1,193 joint stock companies (representing 17.5%); 702 private enterprises (accounting for 10.3%). For enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, there were 2,813 one-member limited liability companies (sharing 43.5%); 1,920 two-member limited liability companies (making up 29.7%); 1,236 joint stock companies (sharing 19.1%) and 498 private enterprises (forming 7.7%). By economic activities, the number of enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution in the month decreased compared to the same period last year, of which some economic activities fell sharply: agriculture, forestry and fishering went down 54.3%; accommodation and catering services reduced 38.4%; mining an downturn of 37.5%; transportation and storage fell of 30.8%; construction a decline of 28.3%…

  1. Investment

The realized investment of State budget in January was estimated at 15,203 billion VND, equivalent to 5.3% of the yearly plan and an increase of 1.9% compared to the same period in 2016, including:

– The  capital under central management reached 3,325 billion VND, equaling 4.8% of the yearly plan and decreasing by 5.2% compared to the same period last year, of which the implemented investment of the Ministry of Transportation was 1,395 billion VND, equaling 4.8% and expanding 21.3%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 355 billion VND, equaling 5.7% and decreasing by 2.7%; Ministry of Health 226 billion VND, equaling 4.4% and going up 19.6%; Ministry of Education and Training 55 billion VND, equaling 6% and reducing 55%; Ministry of Construction 30 billion VND, equaling 6.5% and falling 49.1%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment 29 billion VND, equaling 3.9% and cutting down 39.4%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism 25 billion VND, equaling 4.3% and decreasing by 29.6%; Ministry of Industry and Trade 14 billion VND, equaling 5.8% and decreasing by 48.4%; Ministry of Information and Communication 5 billion VND, equaling 5.2% and going down 37.5%; Ministry of Science and Technology 5 billion VND, equaling 4.7% and falling 57.1%.

– The capital under local management reached 11,878 billion VND, equaling 5.4% of the yearly plan and going up 4% compared to the same period in 2016. Of which, the state budget capital at provincial level achieved 7,999 billion VND, equaling 4.8% and decreasing by 2%; the state budget capital at district level gained 3,210 billion VND, equaling 6.9% and increasing by 25.8%; the state budget capital at commune level recorded 669 billion VND, equaling 8.8% and reducing 5.3%. The realized investment of the State budget of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government was as follows: Ha Noi reached 1,896 billion VND, equaling 5.9% of the yearly plan and going down 5.2% over the same period last year; Ho Chi Minh city 681 billion VND, equaling 2% and climbing up 24.1%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 496 billion VND, equaling 9.5% and reducing 28.6%; Nghe An 476 billion VND, equaling 9.2% and increasing by 10.3%; Vinh Phuc 475 billion VND, equaling 7.9% and expanding 50.1%; Kien Giang 462 billion VND, equaling 11.7% and spreading 14.8%; Thanh Hoa 307 billion VND, equaling 6.4% and decreasing by 29.1%.

Foreign direct investment from the beginning of the year to 20/01/2017 attracted 175 newly licensed projects with a registered capital of 1,243.8 million USD, an increase of 37.8% in number of projects and a rise of 23 % of registered capital compared to the same period in 2016. Besides, 76 projects which were licensed in the previous years registered to adjust investment capital with an additional capital of 179.2 million USD. Thus, the total newly registered capital of new projects and additional capital reached 1,423 million USD, going up 6.6% compared to the same period last year. The realized foreign direct investment capital in January 2017 was estimated at 850 million USD, up 6.3% over the same period in 2016.

Foreign direct investment of new projects in the month focused mainly on manufacturing activity with a registered capital of 834.9 million USD, accounting for 67.1% of the total newly registered capital; the real estate activity reached 297.4 million USD[4], making up 23.9%; the other sectors achieved 111.5 million USD, comprising 9%. If including additional registered capital of projects licensed in previous years, total foreign direct investment in manufacturing activity in January 2017 gained 1,013.4 million USD, accounting for 71.2% of the total registered capital; real estate activity reached 297.4 million USD, making up 20.9%; the other sectors witnessed 112.2 million USD, representing 7.9%.

In the whole country, 26 provinces and cities directly under the Central Government had new FDI projects licensed in January 2017, of which Binh Duong had the largest registered capital with 666.2 million USD, accounting for 53.6% of total newly registered capital; followed by Bac Giang with 159.5 million USD, making up 12.8%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 108.7 million USD, representing 8.7%; Ho Chi Minh city 75.2 million USD, accounting for 6%; Hai Duong 61.8 million USD, sharing 5%; Tay Ninh with 32 million USD, comprising 2.6%; Ha Noi 30 million USD, accounting for 2.4%.

Among the 31 countries and territories with newly licensed investment projects in Viet Nam in January this year, Singapore was the largest investor with 416.7 million USD, accounting for 33.5% total newly registered capital; followed by South Korea 347.8 million USD, comprising 28%; China 310.1 million USD, making up 24.9%; Japan 56.8 million USD, representing 4.6%; Malaysia 44.1 million USD, sharing 3.5%; Samoa 20 million USD, accounting for 1.6%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

Total state budget revenue in the first 15 days of January 2017 was estimated at 18.4 trillion VND, equaling 1.5% of the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenue was 12.5 trillion VND, equaling 1.3%; revenue from crude oil 470 billion USD, equaling 1.2%; budget balance revenue from import and export was 5.4 trillion VND, equaling 3%. In domestic revenue, land use fee was 4.4 trillion VND, equaling 6.9% of the yearly estimate; personal income tax gained 1.1 trillion VND, equaling 1.3%; taxes in trade and non-state services achieved 1.9 trillion VND, equaling 1%; tax on FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) recorded  758 billion VND, equaling 0.4%; tax on state-owned enterprises was 763 billion VND, equaling 0.3%; environmental protection tax achieved 91 billion VND, equaling 0.2%.

Total state budget expenditure in the first 15 days of January was estimated at 37.3 trillion VND, equaling 2.7% of the yearly estimate, of which expenditure for development investment was 2 trillion VND, equaling 0.6%; interest payment was 3 trillion VND, equaling 3%; recurrent expenditure was 32.3 trillion VND, equaling 3.6%.

  1. Trade, price, transport and tourism

      a. Retail sales of consumer goods and services

This January was the time of Dinh Dau Lunar New Year, so businesses and supermarket systems actively reserved goods and raw materials to ensure consumer demand during Tet holiday. Authorities at all levels and sectors actively implemented Directive No. 33/CT-TTg dated December 17, 2016 by the Prime Minister on strengthening management and administration work to stabilize market prices, ensuring social order and safety on the occasion of Lunar New Year 2017.

Gross retail sales of consumer goods and services in January were estimated at 330.3 trillion VND, up 5.6% over the previous month and up 9.9% over the same period last year, if excluding price factor, the rate increased by 6.7%. By kinds of economic activity, retail sales in January reached 252.7 trillion VND, up 6.5% over the previous month and up 10.9% over the same period last year. Some commodities for the Lunar New Year increased better than the average of the months in the year, of which: Food and foodstuff increased by 9.5% over the previous month and 12.7% over the same period last year; garments increased by 8.2% and by 11.5%; vehicles rose by 7.8% and by 11.2%; cultural and educational items expanded by 6% and by 8.2%; household appliances, tools and equipment rose by 5.9% and by 7.8%.

Revenue from accommodation and catering services in January were estimated at 37.3 trillion VND, up 2.6% over the previous month and up by 3.1% over the same period last year. Some provinces achieved a quite good increase in revenue over the same period last year, as follows: Ba Ria – Vung Tau by 12%; Thanh Hoa by 8.6%; Kien Giang by 7.4%; Hanoi by 5.7%; Da Nang by 5.2%, while revenue of Quang Binh decreased by 12.4%; Ho Chi Minh City and Nam Dinh both fell by 5.3%.

Tourism and travelling revenue was estimated at 3.4 trillion VND, up 8% from the previous month and 30.7% over the same period last year, of which the revenue of some provinces increased as follows: Ho Chi Minh City and Ba Ria – Vung Tau both increased by 33% compared to the same period last year; Hanoi expanded by 29.4%; Khanh Hoa rose by 23.3%; Quang Ninh increased by 22.9%. Tourism and travelling revenue in the month was quite good mainly due to the impact of seasonal factors and the trend of traveling abroad during Tet holidays in a part of population.

Revenue from other services in January was estimated at 36.9 trillion VND, up 2.7% over the previous month and up 9.3% over the same period last year, of which some provinces had a good increase in revenue compared with the same period: Ho Chi Minh City increased by 15.5%; Binh Duong increased by 14.1%; Binh Thuan rose by 12%; Quang Binh went up by 11.6%; Lam Dong expanded by 11.5%.

        b. Export and import of goods

Export turnover in December 2016 reached 16,583 million USD, 583 million USD higher than the estimated figures, of which textiles and garments were 297 million USD higher; footwear was 86 million USD higher; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 64 million USD higher; fishery products and group of handbags, purses, suitcases, hats and umbrellas were 37 million USD higher; vegetables were 33 million USD higher; phones and their parts were 210 million USD lower than estimated. Export turnover of goods in 2016 reached 176.6 billion USD, 690 million USD higher than estimated.

January export turnover was estimated at 14.60 billion USD, went down by 12% from the previous month[5], of which the domestic economic sector gained 4.31 billion USD, edged down by 12.1%; FDI sector (including crude oil) attained 10.29 billion USD, fell by 11.9%. Export turnover of some processed and assembled products decreased compared to the previous month: Phones and their parts reached 2.5 billion USD, dropped 14.1%; textiles and garments made up 2.1 billion USD, went down by 10.8%; footwear gained 1.2 billion USD, reduced by 10.2%.

Compared to the same period last year, export turnover in January 2017 increased by 7.6%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 2.8%; FDI sector (including crude oil) rose by 9.7%. Some products had export turnover increase over the same period last year: Phones and their parts reached 2.5 billion USD, climbed up by 10.2%; electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 1.6 billion USD, jumped up by 26.3%; machinery, instrument and accessory reached 900 million USD, edged up by 23.7%; coffee made up 316 million, rose by 3.1%; vegetables and fruits achieved 230 million USD, grew by 14.4%. Some export products saw a decrease in turnover over the same period last year: Footwear reached 1.2 billion USD, went down by 2.3%; means of transport and spare parts gained 500 million USD, dropped 5.7%; rice attained 125 million, fell by 42.6%.

Regarding the exported goods market, the United States was Vietnam’s largest export market in January 2017 with a turnover of 3.3 billion USD, went up by 9.5% compared to the same period last year; the following was EU with 2.9 billion USD, edged up by 4.8%; China amounted to 1.9 billion, surged up by 38.6%; ASEAN reached 1.4 billion USD, rose by 0.5%; Japan attained 1.4 billion, increased by 13.2%; South Korea made up 860 million USD, jumped up by 14.4%.

Import turnover in December 2016 reached 17,077 million USD, 777 million USD higher than the estimated figure, of which petroleum was 242 million USD higher; machinery, instrument and accessory were 219 million USD higher; electronic goods, computer and their parts were 59 million USD higher; chemicals were 37 million USD higher; cotton was 27 million USD higher than estimated. Import turnover in 2016 reached 174.1 billion USD, 849 million USD higher than the estimated figure.

Import turnover in January 2017 was estimated at 14.70 billion USD, went down by 13.9% over the previous month, of which the domestic economic sector was 6.20 billion USD, edged down by 18.4%; FDI sector gained 8.50 billion USD, declined by 10.3%. Import turnover of some products fell sharply compared to the previous month: machinery, instrument and accessory reached 2.6 billion USD, went down by 15.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 2.3 billion USD, edged down by 10.3%; fabric gained 800 million, fell by 15.3%; petroleum reached 510 million USD, decreased by 23.6% (the volume decreased by 32.7%).

Compared to the same period last year, import turnover in January 2017 was estimated to increase by 15.8%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 15.6%; FDI sector rose by 16%. Some products had increased import turnover, such as: machinery and equipment, tools and spare parts by 21.4%; electronic goods, computers and their parts by 13.8%; petroleum by 114.1% (volume increased by 20.1%); phones and their parts by 14%.

Regarding the import market during the month, China was the largest import market of Vietnam with an estimated turnover of 4.3 billion USD, an increase of 9.3% compared to the same period in 2016; South Korea reached 2.5 billion USD, went up by 19.3%; ASEAN reached 2.1 billion USD, jumped up by 15%; Japan gained 1.3 billion USD, climbed up by 25.2%; EU attained 890 million USD, rose by 18.3%; The United States made up 750 million USD, climbed up by 26.6%.

The trade balance of goods in 2016 witnessed a trade surplus of 2.5 billion USD, equivalent to 1.4% of export turnover. In January 2017, trade deficit was estimated at 100 million USD, of which the domestic economic sector saw a trade deficit of 1.9 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) witnessed a trade surplus of 1.8 billion USD.

          c. Consumer price index, gold price index and US dollar price index

The consumer price index (CPI) in January 2017 increased by 0.46% over the previous month, of which the transport group rose the highest with 3.21%, mainly due to the impact of the upward adjustment of petroleum and oil prices as of December 20, 2016 and twice adjustment in January 2017[6] (making fuel price index increase by 6.41%, CPI increase by about 0.27%). Medicine and health care services increased by 1.01% (health care service increased by 1.3%)[7]; beverages and cigarettes increased by 0.78% due to increased consumer demand for Lunar New Year; housing and construction materials increased by 0.57% because the liquified gas price was adjusted to increase by 21,000 VND/tank from 01/01/2017 and the demand for housing repair increased in the last months of the year. Education group increased by 0.47%, of which educational services increased by 0.55% as 6 provinces implemented the roadmap to increase tuition fees according to Decree No. 86/2015/ND-CP dated October 2nd, 2015 of the Government[8]. The price index of remaining groups of goods and services increased with lower rate than the general growth rate or decreased: Garment, hats, and footwear rose by 0.24%; household appliances grew by 0.2%; culture, entertainment and tourism went up by 0.17%; food and catering services decreased by 0.24%, of which food increased by 0.47%, foodstuff decreased by 0.59%[9]; postal services and telecommunications fell by 0.15%. Compared to the same period last year, CPI in January 2017 increased by 5.22%.

Gold price index in January 2017 declined by 0.18% compared to the previous month; increased by 11.04% compared to the same period in 2016. US dollar price index in January 2017 reduced by 0.07% compared to the previous month; grew by 0.55% over the same period in 2016.

Core inflation in January 2017 increased by 0.28% compared to the previous month and by 1.88% compared to the same period last year.

         d. Passengers and frieght transport

Passenger transport in January was estimated at 317 million, increasing by 7.7% compared to the same period last year and 14.4 billion passengers-kilometers, increasing by 10.2% mainly due to a high increase in the travel needs of people during the Lunar New Year. Passengers carried by roadways reached 297.6 million passengers, an increase of 7.7% and 9.8 billion passengers.km, an increase of 8.4%; seaways reached 549.1 thousand passengers, up 8.5% and 27.3 million passengers.km, up 4.2%. Airways was quite good with 3.4 million passengers, an increase of 10.7% and 4.1 billion passengers.km, an increase of 17.9% due to the increase in domestic flights by domestic airlines during Dinh Dau Lunar New Year. Railways reached 0.7 million passengers, down 17.1% and 0.2 billion passengers.km, down 24% compared to the same period in 2016.

In January, freight carriage was estimated at 118.9 million tons, up 11.5% over the same period last year and 21.7 billion tons-kilometers, up 5.2%, of which domestic transport reached 116.1 million tons, up 11.7% and 10.5 billion tons.km, up 8.1%; oversea transport reached 2.8 million tons, up 2.6% and 11.2 billion tons.km, up 2.7%. By kinds of transport, it reached 92.6 million tons, up 12.7% and 5.7 billion tons.km, up 11.4% over the same period last year; inland waterway reached 20.2 million tons, up 7.8% and 4.4 billion tons.km, up 10%; seaway reached 5.6 million tons, up 5.1% and 11.2 billion tons.km, up 0.7%; railways gained 0.5 million tons, up 8.4% and 0.3 billion tons.km, up 3.8%.

        e. Foreign visitors to Viet Nam

Foreign visitors to Vietnam in January were estimated at 1,007.2 thousand, increasing by 23.6% over the same period last year, of which: visitors arrived by airway increased by 26.6%; by roadway increased by 15.5%; by sea decreased by 18.7%. Compared to the previous month, foreign visitors to our country increased by 12.3%, of which visitors from Europe, America and Oceania increased significantly because the Vietnamese expatriates returned home to celerate Dinh Dau New Year, simultaneously this time was currently Winter holidays in European and American countries, so their demand of traveling abroad was quite large.

In January, visitors to Vietnam from Asia were estimated at 680.2 thousand, increasing by 27.8% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors from most major markets increased: China reached 247.6 thousand, an increase of 67.9%; South Korea 171.9 thousand, up 15.1%; Japan 66.4 thousand, up 4%; Taiwan 39.5 thousand, increasing by 17.3%; Malaysia 32.5 thousand, up 10.8%; Thailand 29 thousand, up 16.7%; Singapore 22.2 thousand, an increase of 2.5%.

Visitors from Europe were estimated at 183.6 thousand, up 17.7% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the Russian Federation reached 58.6 thousand, up 36.5%; United Kingdom was 24.1 thousand, an increase of 10.3%; France was 21.6 thousand, up 4.6%; Germany was 18.4 thousand, an increase of 11.7%; Sweden 8.6 thousand, up 27.3%; Italy 6.8 thousand, up 11.5%; Netherlands 6.5 thousand, up 24%.

Visitors from the Americas reached 90.7 thousand, up 17.5% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the United States reached 67.3 thousand, up 17.2%. Visitors from Australia were 48.7 thousand, increasing by 4.1% compared to the same period in 2016, of which visitors from Australia were 44.1 thousand, increasing by 4%. Visitors from Africa reached 4 thousand, up 35.6% over the same period in 2016.

  1. SOCIAL ISSUES

      a. Food shortage among farmers

In January (as of 19th January, 2017), the whole country witnessed 43.6 thousand households suffering from food shortage, equivalent to 179.3 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, of which the number of households suffering from food shortage in Phu Yen, Yen Bai, and Tuyen Quang reached 11.9 thousand households, 8.2 thousand households, and 6.1 thousand households, equivalent to 48.8 thousand persons, 33.6 thousand persons, and 25 thousand persons, respectively. According to preliminary reports, to overcome this problem, all administrative levels, agencies and localities supported these households 4.1 thousand tons of food and 224 million VND.

      b. Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In January 2017, the country witnessed 3.6 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever, an downturn of 31.6% over the same period last year; nearly 1.7 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease, an increase of 31.6%; 8 cases of viral encephalitis; 2 cases of meningococcal meningitis; 7 cases of Zika virus infection and 28 cases of food poisoning with 4 deaths reported.

The total number of alive HIV-infected persons in the country as of 17th January, 2017 was 232.1 thousand persons, of which 88.1 thousand cases turned to AIDS. The number of persons died of HIV/AIDS nationwide by the time of the year was 89.6 thousand persons.

       c. Traffic accidents

From 16th December, 2016 to 15th January, 2017, there were 1,702 traffic accidents in the whole country, including 852 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 850 traffic collisions, causing 744 deaths; 163 injuries and 1,015 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents decreased by 0.8% (the number of traffic accidents from less serious to more increased by 0.6%; the number of traffic collisions decreased by 2.2%); the number of deaths increased by 1.2%; the number of injuries decreased by 68.7% and the number of slight injuries decreased by 1.5%. On average one day in a month, there were 55 traffic accidents, including 28 traffic accidents from less serious to more, 27 traffic collisions, causing 24 deaths, 5 injuries and 33 slight injuries.

       d. Environment protection, fire and explosion prevention

In January 2017, 1,502 cases of violating environmental protection were found by authorities, of which 1,200 cases were addressed with a total fine of 190.4 billion VND. In the month, there were 446 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 6 deaths and 21 injuries, with an estimated damage of 73.4 billion VND./.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] As of January 23, 2017, the country no longer recorded epidemic on cattle and poultry.

[2] Source: National business registration information system, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[3] In January 2016, there were 8,320 newly registered enterprises with a total registered capital of 59.3 trillion VND, the average registered capital of an enterprise was 7.1 billion VND.

[4] In January 2017, the real estate activity had no projects to register for adjustment of investment capital

[5] Because the Lunar New Year holiday this year was mainly in January, so that the number of working days decreased.

[6] Adjustments on April 4th, 2017 and January 19th, 2017 did not much impact on petroleum prices.

[7] Because in some months, some districts in Ho Chi Minh City adjusted the price of health services stage 2 according to the Joint Circular No. 37/2015/TTLT-BYT-BTC dated October 29th, 2015 of the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Finance.

[8] Vinh Phuc, Hai Duong, Nghe An, Quang Binh, Tay Ninh and Bac Lieu.

[9] Of which living weight pig price decreased by 2.2% due to abundant supply, while living weight pig export to China market by border trade was limited.