1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

       a) Agriculture

Agricultural production in the month mainly focused on tending winter-spring paddy in the Northern provinces; harvested paddy and vegetables in winter-spring paddy and cultivated summer-autumn paddy in southern localities. As of  May 15, the country cultivated 3,075.8 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, an equal to 99.8%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which Northern provinces completed cultivation area of ​​1,143, 9 thousand hectares, an equal to 98.9%; Southern provinces reached 1,931.9 thousand hectares, an equal 100.3%. Area of ​​winter-spring paddy in the North decreased, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, due to some localities converted partially of the paddy area for other purposes[1]. In addition, there were more than 1,100 hectares of fallows in some provinces due to rural labor moved to non-agricultural production for higher incomes[2] and 670 hectares of land in Bac Ninh polluted by domestic wastewater, could not cultivate. Some localities witnessed a sharp decrease in winter-spring paddy area: Hanoi by 2.6 thousand hectares; Hung Yen by 1.7 thousand hectares; Hai Duong, Nam Dinh, Bac Giang and Thanh Hoa all decreased by 1.3 thousand hectares.

At present, early winter-spring paddy in the North was in flowering stage. Preliminary estimation, yield of winter-spring paddy in Northern provinces reached 62.3 quintals/hectare, a decrease of 0.5 quintals/hectare, in comparison with that of over the previous winter-spring crop; production was estimated at 7.12 million tons, a decrease of 134.5 thousand tons. In the South, as of middle of  May, localities harvested 1,902.7 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, occupied by 98.5% of the cultivated area, an equal to 101.8%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which Mekong River Delta completed harvesting with an area of ​​1,539.5 thousand hectares, an equal to 99%. Yield of winter-spring paddy in Mekong River Delta reached 62.6 quintals/hectare, a decrease of 1.6 quintals/hectares, in comparison with that of over the previous winter-spring crop; production reached 9.63 million tons, a decline of 360.9 thousand tons, mainly due to the effects of saline intrusion from the previous year and along with the phenomenon of consecutive unseasonal rains that occurred at the time of flowering and harvesting of paddy. Production of winter-spring paddy recorded a decrease in some localities, in comparison with that of over the winter-spring paddy in 2016: Dong Thap by165.8 thousand tons; Long An by 96.5 thousand tons; Can Tho by 59.1 thousand tons; Kien Giang by 50.6 thousand tons.

Along with harvesting winter-spring paddy, Southern provinces cultivated 1,169.3 thousand hectares of summer-autumn paddy, an equal to 114.4%, in comparison with that of over the same period in 2016, of which the Mekong River Delta reached 1,078.1 thousand hectares, by 114%. Summer-autumn paddy recorded good growth, localities needed to strengthen inspection and prevention measures of pests and diseases, guided people tended paddy properly to ensure crop calendar.

As of middle of May, the country cultivated 607.1 thousand hectares maize, an equal to 91.3%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year; sweet potatoes reached 78.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 96.6%; groundnut reached 142.2 thousand hectares, an equal to 97.6%; soybeans reached 40.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 96.4%; vegetables and beans reached 610.2 thousand hectares, an equal to 103.1%.

Cattle, buffalo and poultry husbandry recorded no changes as follows; Buffalo population in month was estimated to decrease by 0.5%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year; cattle increased by 1.9%; poultry increased by 2.8%. Pig farming faced challenges, although relevant agencies and authorities implemented measures to increase consumption demand in domestic market, nevertheless, pig living weight prices remained low, farmers continued to suffer from losses that caused a decline in livestock population and depopulation. Pig population in month was estimated to decrease by 2%, in comparison with that of over the same period in 2016. As of May 24, 2017, the whole country no longer recorded blue ear pig disease and foot and mouth disease; avian influenza was not over 21 days in Dak Lak

        b) Forestry

Area of ​​concentrated forests in May was estimated at 20.5 thousand hectares, an increase of 2%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year; number of scattered trees reached 11.2 million trees, a growth of 0.9%; wood production reached 878 thousand m3, an increase of 8.1%; Generally in the first 5 months of the year, concentrated forests area was estimated at 77.1 thousand hectares, a growth of  5.8% , in comparison with that of over the same period last year; number of scattered trees reached 41.1 million, a growth of 1.7%; wood production reached 3,782 thousand m3, an increase of 6.8%; firewood production reached 11.2 million ste, grew 0.93%. Some provinces recorded a good production of wood in 5 months: Bac Giang reached 226 thousand m3, an increase of 10.2%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year; Phu Tho reached 201 thousand m3, an increase of 9.5%; Thanh Hoa reached 206 thousand m3, an increase of 13%; Nghe An reached 186 thousand m3, an increase of 11.1%;

Although forest protection and forest fire prevention and protection measures were taken by relevant agencies and authorities, forest fires still occurred in some localities. In May, there were 309.5 hectares of damaged forests in nationwide, a decline of 62%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which recorded 72.4 hectares of forest fire; area of deforested forest was 237.1 hectares. Generally in 5 beginning months in the year, damaged forest area was 747 hectares, a decline of 66.9%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which forest fire area was 228 hectares, a decline of 87.8%; area of deforested was 519 hectares, an increase of 32.4%.

        c) Fishery

In May, total of fishery production was estimated at 692 thousand tons, an increase of 5.8%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 529.5 thousand tons, a growth of 5.8%; shrimp reached 69.2 thousand tons, a rise of 11.1%. Aquaculture production was estimated at 380.7 thousand tons, an increase of 6.3%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 298.5 thousand tons, a growth of 5%; shrimp reached 48.3 thousand tons, an increase of 15%.

Pegasus farming was in harvesting crop, so production recorded good, Pegasus price continued to surge. Pegasus production in May was estimated at 89.9 thousand tons, an increase of 3.8%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which Dong Thap reached 34.5 thousand tons, a rise of 0.8%; An Giang reached 14.9 thousand tons, a growth of 9.9%. Brackish shrimp farming recorded advantages in terms of weather, prices and consumption markets. Production of black tiger shrimp and white shrimp in the month was estimated at 42.8 thousand tons, a growth of 16.7%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which Bac Lieu reached 6 thousand tons, an increase of 2%; Soc Trang reached 3.2 thousand tons, an increase of 21%.

Fishery production in May was estimated at 311.3 thousand tons, an increase of 5.2%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which marine catching reached 295.3 thousand tons, an increase of 5.4% (production tuna reached 2.1 thousand tons, an increase of 9.1%. Generally, in 5 beginning months of the year, fishery production was estimated at 2,600.2 thousand tons, a growth of 3.7%, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which aquaculture production reached 1,243.1 thousand tons, a rise of 3.1%; production of catching reached 1,357.1 thousand tons, an increase of 4.3% (production of marine catching 1,285.6 thousand tons, an increase of 4.4%).

  1. Industrial production

The index of industrial production (IIP) in May was estimated to increase by 7.2% over the same period last year, of which the index of the mining and quarrying fell 7.8%; the manufacturing increased by 11.2%; the production and distribution of electricity went up 13.8%; the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities expanded 8.2%.

In the first 5 months of the year, the IIP increased by 5.7% compared to the same period last year, although it was still lower than the increase of 7.4% in the same period of 2016[3], but higher than the increase of 5.2% in the first 4 months of this year. In industrial activities, the IIP of activities including the manufacturing, the production and distribution of electricity, the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities increased by 9.7%, 10.4%, 7%, respectively, which contributing 6.9, 0.7, 0.1 percentage points to the overall growth, respectively. On the contrary, the IIP of the mining and quarrying decreased by 9.1%, causing a fall of 2 percentage points in the overall growth.

In the 2-digit industrial activities, the IIP of some industrial activities in the first 7 months remarkably increased over the same period last year, such as the manufacture of basic metals (36.2%); the manufacture of fabricated metal products (except machinery and equipment) (10.7%); the manufacture of textile (10.5%); electricity production and distribution (10.4%); the manufacture of paper and paper products (10.1%). Some industrial activities experienced a moderate increase, specifically: the manufacture of food products (5%); the manufacture of leather and related products (4.2%); the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (3.1%); the extraction of coal and the manufacture of tobacco products (0.9%); Only the IIP of the extraction of crude oil and natural gas fell 12.3%.

In the first 5 months, some main industrial products increased sharply over the same period last year, for instance: Television (42.8%); iron and crude steel (29.6%); rolled steel (27.7%); urea fertilizer (18.5%); fabrics from natural yarn (15.3%); chemical paint (12.2%); powder milk (10.4%); electricity (10.3%). Some products increased slightly compared to the same period last year: automobiles (2.4%); coal (1.1%); cigarettes (0.9%); refined sugar (0.7%). A number of products saw a decrease, including mobile phones and liquefied petroleum gas (0.6%); leather shoes and sandals (1.9%); natural gas (7.7%); extracted crude oil (13.6%).

Some localities with large share of the industry sector in the first 5 months showed an increase in the IIP compared to the same period last year, for example: Hai Phong (20.5%); Thai Nguyen (17%); Da Nang (10.8%); Binh Duong and Hai Duong (8.1%); Dong Nai (7.8%); Ho Chi Minh City (7.2%); Bac Ninh (6.5%); Ha Noi (5.9%); Can Tho (3.7%); Vinh Phuc (2.5%); Quang Nam (2.2%); Quang Ninh (2%); Otherwise, the IIP of Ba Ria – Vung Tau decreased by 5%.

The index of industrial shipment (IIS) of the manufacturing activities in April 2017 decreased by 0.9% over the previous month and by 8.9% over the same period last year. Generally for first 4 months of the year, the IIS of the manufacturing increased by 8.1% over the same period last year (the same period in 2016 increased by 9.3%). industrial activities saw a significant increase in the first 4 months of this year compared to the same period last year: the manufacture of other transport vehicles (16.4%); the manufacture of motor vehicles (13.2%); the manufacture of basic metals (12.1%); the manufacture of beverages (9%); the manufacture of leather and related products (8.9%). Some industrial activities experienced a modest increase of the IIS, including the manufacture of electronic, computers and optical products (6.3%); the manufacture of food products (4.7%); the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (3.2%); the manufacture of tobacco products and textile (0.6%). Only the IIP of the manufacture of furniture decreased by 2.8%.

The index of industrial inventory of the manufacturing as of 1st May, 2017 increased by 11% compared to the same period last year (the same period in 2016 increased by 8.7%), of which some industrial activities showed lower rise compared to the average increase of the index of industrial inventory: the manufacture of paper and paper products (1.5%); the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (0.3%); the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (0.1%); various industrial activities witnessed a decrease in the index of industrial inventory, including the manufacture of wearing apparel (0.3%); the manufacture of food products (1.9%); the manufacture of leather and related products (5.6%); the manufacture of tobacco products (16.3%); the manufacture of other transport vehicles (43.1%). Some industrial activities possessed a remarkable increase in the index of industrial inventory compared to the average increase: the manufacture of basic metals (82.4%); the manufacture of motor vehicles (69.8%); the manufacture of electronic, computers and optical products (50.1%); the manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products (mainly cement) (31.5%); the manufacture of electrical equipment (26.2%).

The average index of industrial inventory of the manufacturing in the first 4 months of 2017 was 71.6%, of which some industrial activities had the high index of industrial inventory: the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (113.4%); the manufacture of fabricated metal products (except machinery and equipment) (106.7%); the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (99.4%).

The number of employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st May, 2017 increased by 2.4% compared to the same period last year, of which the number of employees in state-owned enterprises decreased by 1.1%; in non-state enterprises decreased 0.6%; in FDI enterprises increased by 4.8%. At the same time, the number of employees working in the mining and quarrying decreased by 2% compared to the same period last year; in the manufacturing increased by 2.8%; in the production and distribution of electricity rose 0.1%; in the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities expanded 1.1%.

Some localities with large share of the industry sector witnessed an increase in the number of employees working in enterprises as of 1st May, 2017 compared with the same period last year: Bac Ninh (17.7%); Vinh Phuc (16%); Binh Duong (6.4%); Hai Duong (6.3%); Hai Phong (5.6%); Thai Nguyen (4%); Da Nang (1.2%); Quang Ninh (0.9%); Can Tho (0.6%); Ho Chi Minh City (0.2%); However, the number of employees working in enterprises in Ba Ria-Vung Tau decreased by 8.6%.

  1. Enterprises registration status[4]

In May, there were 10,954 newly established enterprises with a registered capital of 119.2 trillion VND, an increase of 9.3% in number of enterprises and 17.8% in registered capital over the same period last year; the average registered capital of an enterprise reached 10.9 billion VND, went up 7.8%; the total number of registered employees in the month of newly established enterprises was 97.8 thousand persons, a reduction of 6.6%.

In the month, there were 1,913 re-operated enterprises, increasing by 14.7% compared to the same period in 2016; 5,332 temporarily ceased enterprises (including 1,577 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time and 3,755 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution), an upturn of 26.8%; 628 enterprises completed dissolution procedures, a decline of 28.9%.

In the first 5 months of the year, there were 50,534 newly registered enterprises with a total registered capital of 485.6 trillion VND, increasing by 12.9% in number of enterprises and 39% in registered capital compared to the same period in 2016[5]; The average registered capital of a newly established enterprise reached 9.6 billion VND, a growth of 23%. If 710.8 trillion VND of additional registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, the total additional registered capital in the economy in the first 5 months of 2017 was 1,196.4 trillion VND. Besides, there were 13,458 re-operated enterprises, increasing 3.5% compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and re-operated enterprises in the first 5 months of the year to nearly 64 thousand enterprises. The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises in 5 months was 521.7 thousand persons, rising by 1.9% compared to the same period in 2016.

Some economic activities witnessed an increase in newly established enterprises and registered capital in 5 months this year compared to the same period last year, as follows: The real estate activities increased by 72.8% in number of enterprises and 43.8% in registered capital; financial, banking and insurance activities grew up 38.9% and 71.1%; education and training climbed up by 31.3% and 97.3%; human health and social work activities edging up by 27.3% and 73.6%; electricity, water and gas supply rose by 25.7% and 27.9%; employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services rose by 20.8% and 122%; accommodation and catering services went up 14.8% and 116.9%; construction extended 12.6% and 43.2%; manufacturing increased by 11.7% and 40.2%; mining went up 8.1% and 73.7%; arts, entertainment and recreation expand 4.8% and 239.1%. Some industries with new establishment increased, however the registered capital decreased: Agriculture, forestry and fishing increased by 14.4% (registered capital decreased by 17.8%); science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others a rise of 13.6% (registered capital decreased by 12.2%); information and communication grew up 8% (registered capital decreased by 35.8%); particularly, the transportation and storage decreased 3.5% in newly established enterprises (the registered capital reduced 7.5%).

In the first 5 months, the number of newly registered enterprises in all regions increased compared to the same period last year, of which the Northern Midlands and Mountainous area reached 2,142 enterprises, an increase of 22.8% (registered capital was 24.3 trillion VND, went up 18.9%); Red River Delta was 15,517 enterprises, an upturn of 17.4% (registered capital of 117.2 trillion VND, up 8.2%); Central Highlands had 1,289 enterprises, a growth of 17.2% (registered capital of 11.5 trillion, up 84.5%); Southeast had 21,144 enterprises, a rise of 11% (registered capital of 240.3 trillion VND, an increase of 50%); Mekong River Delta had 3,546 enterprises, climbing by 9.6% (registered capital of 25.3 trillion VND, an increase of 22.7%); North Central and Central Coast areas had 6,896 enterprises, a growth of 7.9% (registered capital of 67 trillion VND, a rise of 99.2%).

The number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures in the first 5 months of 2017 was 4,685 enterprises, rising by 0.9% compared to the same period last year (the same period in 2016 increased by 19.5%), of which 4,325 enterprises with capital size of less than 10 billion VND, accounting for 92.3%. By kinds of enterprise, the total number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures, there were 1,888 one-member limited liability companies (accounting for 40.3%); 1,362 two-member limited liability companies (making up 29.1%); 832 private enterprises (sharing 17.7%) and 603 joint stock companies (forming 12.9%).

The number of temporarily ceased enterprises in the first 5 months of the year was 32,148 enterprises, an upturn of 12.5% ​​over the same period last year, including 12,884 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, expanded 19.4% and 19,264 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, climbed by 8.3%.

The total number of enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, there were 5,312 one-member limited liability companies (accounting for 41.2%); 4,135 two-member limited liability companies (making up 32.1%); 2,168 joint stock companies (sharing 16.8%); 1,267 private enterprises (representing 9.9%) and 2 partnership companies. For enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, there were 8,314 one-member limited liability companies (accounting for 43.2%); 5,660 two-member limited liability companies (constituted 29.4%); 3,920 joint stock companies (forming 20.3%) and 1,370 private enterprises (accounting for 7.1%).

  1. Investment

In May, the realized investment from the State budget was estimated at 23,049.7 billion VND, including: Central capital was 5,145 billion VND; local capital was 17,904.7 billion VND. In the first 5 months of the year, the implemented investment from the State budget reached 88.8 trillion VND, equaling 30.6% of the yearly plan and going up 6% over the same period in 2016, including:

– The capital under Central management achieved 19.5 trillion VND, equaling 29% of the yearly plan and climbing up 5.9% compared to the same period last year, of which the investment capital of the Ministry of Transportation gained 11,355 billion VND, equaling 36.3% and increasing by 55.4%; Ministry of Health 1,280 billion VND, equaling 24.9% and rising 23.4%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 1,094.3 billion VND, equaling 28.6% and going down 34.4%; Ministry of Construction 186.5 billion VND, equaling 38.6% and decreasing by 37.3%; Ministry of Education and Training 164.2 billion VND, equaling 29.4% and reducing 69.4%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism 145.5 billion VND, equaling 25.1% and falling 17.8%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment 115.1 billion VND, equaling 26.3% and reducing 50.2%; Ministry of Industry and Trade 74 billion VND, equaling 30.3% and decreasing by 44.2%; Ministry of Science and Technology 25.1 billion VND, equaling 27.4% and going down 63.9%; Ministry of Information and Communications 23.2 billion VND, equaling  25.6% and decreasing by 41.4%.

– The capital under local management reached 69.3 trillion VND, equaling 31.1% of the yearly plan and a rise of 6.1% higher than the same period in 2016. In which, the state budget capital at provincial level reached 48.5 trillion VND, equaling 29.5% and going up 4%; the state budget capital at district-level witnessed 17.3 trillion VND, equaling 34.4% and increasing by 12.1%; State budget capital at commune level gained 3.5 trillion VND, equaling 41.9% and rising 8.1%. The realized investment capital from the State budget of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government was as follows: Ha Noi reached 10.9 trillion VND, equaling 33.6% of the yearly plan and going up 0.5% compared to the same period last year; Ho Chi Minh city 5.965 billion VND, equaling 17.5% and increasing by 2.5%; Nghe An 2,392 billion VND, equaling 37% and expanding 13.2%; Vinh Phuc 2.101 billion VND, equaling 35% and jumping up 30.1%; Binh Duong 1,832 billion VND, equaling 25.6% and going up 10.1%; Thanh Hoa 1,771 billion VND, equaling 37% and climbing up 5.4%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 1,702 billion VND, equaling 32.3% and going down 9.9%.

In May, investors and construction units accelerated the progress of works and projects; the implemented capital from the State budget was higher than the previous month and the same period last year. However, the disbursement and implementation of this capital source in the first 5 months of the year was still slow. Ministries, line-ministries and localities should continue to make efforts to focus on implementing solutions to solve difficulties, speeding up the disbursement progress, ensuring the plan.

Foreign direct investment from the beginning of the year to 20/5/2017 attracted 939 newly licensed projects with a registered capital of 5,595.4 million USD, an increase of 3.5% in the number of projects and a decrease of 26.1% of registered capital compared to the same period in 2016. In addition, there were 437 projects licensed from previous years registered to adjust investment capital with an additional capital of 4,742.9 million USD

In 5 fist months of 2017, there were 2,061 turns of capital contributions and share purchases of foreign investors with a total capital contribution of 1,792 million USD. Thus, the total registered capital of newly licensed projects, additional capital and investment in the form of capital contribution and share purchase in the first 5 months of the year reached 12,130.3 million USD, a rise of 10.4% compared to in the same period last year. The realized foreign direct investment in the first 5 months was estimated at 6.2 billion USD, an increase of 6% over the same period in 2016. In the first 5 months of this year, the manufacturing activity attracted the largest foreign direct investment with the registered capital of newly licensed projects of 2,863.4 million USD, accounting for 51.2% total newly registered capital; the mining industry reached 1.279 million USD, making up 22.8%; the other sectors achieved 1,453 million USD, comprising 26%. If including additional registered capital of projects which were licensed from previous years and capital contribution and share purchase, the total foreign investment in manufacturing activity in the first 5 months of the year gained 8,092, 5 million USD, representing 66.7% of the total registered capital; the mining industry recorded 1,280.1 million USD, accounting for 10.6%; the other sectors witnessed 2,757.7 million USD, accounting for 22.7%.

In the whole countries, there were 51 provinces and cities directly under the Central Government having FDI newly licensed projects, of which Kien Giang had the largest registered capital of 1,304.7 million USD. accounting for 23.3% of the total newly registered capital[6]; followed by Binh Duong with 919.2 million USD, making up 16.4%; Ho Chi Minh city 341.7 million USD, comprising 6.1%; Tay Ninh 331 million USD, sharing 5.9%; Bac Giang 305.7 million USD, representing 5.5%; Binh Phuoc 282.9 million USD, accounting for 5.1%; Thanh Hoa 248.3 million USD, comprising 4.4%; Bac Ninh with 168.4 million USD, accounting for 3%; Dong Nai 159.9 million USD, representing 2.9%; Ha Noi 139 million USD, making up 2.5%; Nghe An 122.7 million USD, sharing 2.2%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 117.2 million USD, accounting for 2.1%; Hai Duong 102.9 million USD, accounting for 1.8%.

Among the 56 countries and territories with newly licensed investment projects in Vietnam in the first 5 months of this year, Japan ranked the top with 1,538.6 million USD, accounting for 27.5% of the total newly registered capital; followed by South Korea with 1.259 million USD, accounting for 22.5%; China 756.6 million USD, making up 13.5%; Singapore 597.8 million USD, accounting for 10.7%; Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) 322.4 million USD, representing 5.8%; Germany 321.7 million USD, comprising 5.8%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

The state budget revenue from the beginning of the year to 15th May, 2017 was estimated at 416.7 trillion VND, equaling 34.4% of the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenue was 334.9 trillion VND, equaling 33.8%; revenue from crude oil gained 16.6 trillion VDN, equaling 43.4%; budget balance revenue from import and export achieved 65.1 trillion VND, equaling 36.2%. In domestic revenue, land use fee reached 36.7 trillion VND, equaling 57.7% of the yearly estimate; personal income tax was 33.9 trillion VND, equaling 41.9%; taxes on trade and non-state service gained 69.5 trillion VND, equaling 35.8%; tax on FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) was 64.3 trillion VND, equaling 32%; revenue from environmental protection tax witnessed 12.7 trillion VND, equaling 28%; tax on state-owned enterprises was 69.2 trillion VND, equaling 24.1%.

The state budget revenue from the beginning of the year to 15th May, 2017 was estimated at 438.5 trillion VND, equaling 31.5% of the yearly estimate, of which recurrent expenditure was 323.8 trillion VND, equaling 36.1%; interest payment was 41.5 trillion VND, equaling 42%; expenditure for new investment and development reached 72.4 trillion VND, equaling 20.3% of the yearly estimate. Principal payment from the beginning of the year to 15th May, 2017 was estimated to gained 77.7 trillion VND, equaling 47.4% of the yearly estimate.

  1. Trade, price index, transport and tourism

     a. Retail sales of goods and services

Gross retail sales of consumer goods and services in May 2017 were estimated at 323.5  trillion VND, up 0.1% compared to the previous month and up 11.6% over the same period in 2016, of which: Retail sales of goods reached 242.9  trillion VND, up 0.4% and up 11.2%; revenue from accommodation and catering services reached 38.9 trillion VND, decreased by 2.8% and increased by 16.6%; tourism and traveling revenues reached 2.8 trillion, up 11.6% and up 4.8%; revenue from other services reached 38.9 trillion VND, an increase of 0.6% and of 10.1%.

In the first 5 months, gross retail sales of goods and services were estimated at 1,600.8 trillion VND, up 10.2% compared to the same period last year, if excluding the price factor, the growth rate was 7.4% (7.9% in the same period in 2016). By kinds of economic activity, retail sales of goods in the first 5 months were estimated at 1,203.1 trillion VND, accounting for 75.2% of the total and increasing by 10.4% compared to the same period last year, of which: Food and foodstuff increased by 11.1%; garments by 8.6%; vehicles by 8.5%; household appliances, tools and equipment by 8.4%; cultural and educational items by 6.3%.

Revenue from accommodation and catering services in the first 5 months was estimated at 196.2 trillion VND, accounting for 12.2% of the total and increasing by 11.3% over the same period last year, mainly because foreign and domestic tourists increased quite well and eating out activities were no longer affected by the marine environmental pollution occurence in 4 provinces in the Central in 2016. Some provinces achieved a high revenue growth, as follows: Thanh Hoa up by 21.4%; Binh Duong by 20.7%; Binh Dinh by 20.1%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau by 9.4%; Ha Noi by 9.2%; Ho Chi Minh City by 3.2%.

The travelling and tourism revenue in 5 months was estimated at 13 trillion VND, accounting for 0.8% of the total and increasing by 6.2% over the same period last year, of which the changes in revenue of some provinces were as follows: Thanh Hoa increased by 24.4%; Khanh Hoa rose by 21.3%; Ho Chi Minh City expanded by 3.1%; Ha Noi went by 2.5%; Phu Yen fell by 27.8%; Lao Cai decreased by 24%; An Giang declined by 18.9%.

Revenue from other services in 5 months was estimated at 188.5 trillion VND, accounting for 11.8% of the total and increasing by 8.2% compared to the same period in 2016, of which some provinces increased quite well: Thanh Hoa by 18%; Da Nang by 13%; Quang Tri by 10.7%; Ho Chi Minh City by 9.4%; Ha Noi by 6.9%.

       b. Export and import of goods

Export turnover of goods in April 2017 reached 17,536 million USD, 836 million USD higher than estimated figure, of which phones and their parts were 783 million USD[7] higher; footwear was 112 million USD higher; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 86 million USD higher; cashew nuts were 36 million USD higher; iron and steel were 34 million USD higher; crude oil was 67 million USD lower; cassava and cassava products were 47 million USD lower; means of transport and spare parts were 40 million USD lower; bags, suitcases, hats, umbrellas were 35 million USD lower; coffee was 34 million USD lower than estimated.

Export turnover in May was estimated at 17.2 billion USD, went down by 1.9% over the previous month, of which the domestic economic sector reached 4.8 billion USD, climbed up by 3.1%; FDI sector (including crude oil) gained 12.4 billion USD, edged down by 3.7%. Compared to the same period last year, export turnover in May increased by 19.9%, of which the domestic economic sector grew by 14.8%; FDI sector (including crude oil) rose by 22%. Turnover of some products increased highly over the same period last year: Phones and their parts jumped up by 31.9%; electronic goods, computers and their parts soared by 47.2%; machinery, instrument and accessory surged up by 43.1%.

In the first 5 months of the year, export turnover was estimated at 79.3 billion USD, went up by 17.4% over the same period in 2016, of which the domestic economic sector made up 22.1 billion USD, rose by 13.6%; FDI sector (including crude oil) attained 57.2 billion USD, jumped up by 19%. Export turnover of some main products continued to increase over the same period last year: Phones and their parts gained 16 billion USD, edged up by 12%; textiles and garments amounted to 9.4 billion USD, climbed up by 9%; electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 9.4 billion USD, soared by 46.2%; foot wear reached 5.6 billion USD, went up by 10.5%; machinery, instrument and accessory gained 5.1 billion USD, augmented by 38.2%; wood and wooden products reached 3 billion USD, went up by 13.2%; fishery product attained 2.8 billion USD, edged up by 11.7%; means of transport and spare parts reached 2.7 billion USD, went up by 11%; coffee gained 1.6 billion USD, increased by 13.5% (volume decreased by 14%); vegetables and fruits attained 1.4 billion USD, surged up by 38.6%; crude oil attained 1.1 billion USD, expanded by 18.5% (volume declined by 12%). Export turnover of some products decreased compared to the same period last year: Pepper reached 601 million USD, went down by 16.6% (volume increased by 13%); cassava and cassava products gained 437 million USD, edged down by 12.8% (volume reduced by 8.6%).

Regarding the exported goods market in the first 5 months, the United States was still the largest export market of Vietnam with a turnover of 16 billion USD, went up by 9.9% over the same period last year; the following was EU with 14.6 billion USD, edged up by 9.5%; China reached 10.5 billion USD, soared by 40.3%; ASEAN gained 8.6 billion USD, rose by 26%; Japan reached 6.4 billion USD, grew by 16.6%; South Korea attained 5.7 billion USD, surged up by 34.4%.

Import turnover in April 2017 reached 17,350 million USD, 150 million USD lower than estimated figure, of which plastic was 82 million USD lower; iron and steel were 79 million USD lower; cars were 72 million USD lower; other means of transport were 34 million USD lower; animal feed and raw materials were 34 million USD lower; chemical products were 33 million USD lower; machinery, instrument and accessory were 193 million USD higher; petroleum was 76 million USD higher; crude oil was 57 million USD higher; phones and their parts were 35 million USD higher than estimated.

Import turnover in May was estimated at 18.0 billion USD, edged up by 3.7% over the previous month, of which the domestic economic sector gained 7.1 billion USD, went up by 8.3%; FDI sector reached 10.9 billion USD, rose by 1%. Compared to the same period last year, import turnover in May increased by 23.6%, of which the domestic economic sector grew by 13.2%; FDI sector rose by 31.5%.

In the first 5 months of the year, import turnover was estimated at 82.0 billion USD, jumped up by 23.9% over the same period last year, of which the domestic economic sector reached 32.4 billion USD, went up by 18.9%; FDI sector gained 49.6 billion USD, grew by 27.5%. Import turnover of some products for production increased highly compared to the same period last year: machinery, instrument and accessory attained 14.9 billion USD, surged up by 38.8%; electronic goods, computers and their parts amounted to 13.3 billion USD, went up by 27.5%; phones and their parts reached 5 billion USD, jumped up by 23.4%; iron and steel gained 4.1 billion USD, soared by 36% (volume went down by 10.8%); plastics attained 2.9 billion USD, climbed up by 25.5% (volume increased by 13.5%); metal reached 2.2 billion USD, rose by 19.8% (volume decreased by 12.4%); plastic products reached 2 billion USD, grew by 18.5%; chemical products amounted to 1.7 billion USD, edged up by 18.1%; chemicals made up 1.6 billion USD, jumped up by 35.2%; animal feed and raw materials reached 1.5 billion USD, went up by 23.8%.

Regarding the import market in the first 5 months, China was still the largest import market of Vietnam with a turnover of 22 billion USD, climbed up by 15.7% compared to the same period in 2016; the following was Korea with 18.6 billion USD, soared by 51.9%[8]; ASEAN reached 11.1 billion USD, climbed up by 16.6%; Japan attained 6.5 billion USD, grew by 15.5%; EU made up 4.6 billion USD, went up by 13.9%; The United States gained 3.8 billion USD, edged up by 22%.

Trade balance in April witnessed a trade surplus of 186 million USD; estimated trade deficit in May was 800 million USD. In the first 5 months of 2017, the trade deficit was over 2.7 billion USD, equaled to 3.4% of the total export turnover, of which the domestic economic sector saw a trade deficit of 10.36 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) witnessed a trade surplus of 7.65 billion USD.

       c. Consumer price index, gold price index and US dollar price index

Consumer price index (CPI) in May 2017 decreased by 0.53% compared to the previous month. There were 4 out of 11 groups of goods and services having decreased CPI in May compared to the previous month, of which food and catering services reduced by 1.43% (food dropped 0.06%[9]; foodstuff decreased by 2.27% due to falling living weight meat prices[10], led to a decline of CPI of 0.51%); traffic shrank by 0.34% due to the adjustment of petroleum and oil prices on 5/5/2017 and 20/5/2017 (fuel prices fell by 0.71% making CPI go down by 0.03%); postal services and telecommunication edged down by 0.05%; housing and construction materials decreased by 0.02%. CPI of the remaining groups of goods and services increased slightly, particularly: Culture, entertainment and tourism by 0.13%; household appliances by 0.1%; beverage and cigarettes by 0.08%; garments, hats and footwear by 0.05%; medicine and health care services by 0.04%; education by 0.02%; other goods and services by 0.15%.

The average consumer price index in the first 5 months of 2017 increased by 4.47% compared to the same period in 2016[11]. Consumer price index in May 2017 rose by 0.37% over December 2016 and grew by 3.19% over the same period last year.

Core inflation in May 2017 increased by 0.08% over the previous month and by 1.33% year on year. The average core inflation in the first 5 months of 2017 increased by 1.56% compared to the same period in 2016.

Gold price index in May 2017 decreased by 0.10% compared to the previous month; rose by 2.91% over December 2016 and climbed up by 4.12% year on year. The US dollar price index in May 2017 decreased by 0.03% compared to the previous month; reduced by 0.05% over December 2016 and increased by 1.66% year on year.

  1. Passenger and freight transport

Passenger transport in May was estimated at 335.5 million passengers, an increase of 10% over the same period last year and 15.2 billion passengers-kilometers, an increase of 9.1%. In the first 5 months, passenger transport reached 1,638.5 million passengers, an increase of 8.9% over the same period last year and 74.3 billion passengers.km, an increase of 8.2%, of which passengers carried by roadways reached 1,543.6 million passengers, up 9.2% and 50.4 billion passengers.km, up 7.7%; passengers carried by seaways reached 2.7 million passengers, an increase of 8% and 138.7 million passengers.km, an increase of 7.5%. Airway was quite good with 18 million passengers, an increase of 10.7% and 21 billion passengers-kilometers, an increase of 10.2%. Railways reached 3.9 million passengers, reducing by 6.3% and 1.5 billion passengers.kilometers, going up by 0.2% compared to the same period in 2016.

Freight transport in May was estimated at 118.5 million tons, an increase of 8% over the same period last year and 22 billion tons-kilometers, an increase of 6.3%. Generally for 5 months, freight transport reached 586.2 million tons, up 8.9% over the same period last year and 108.4 billion tons.km, up 5.6%, of which domestic transport reached 572. 5 million tons, up 9.1% and 53.5 billion tons.km, up 10.1%; overseas transport reached 13.7 million tons, up 0.2% and 54.9 billion tons.km, up 1.5%. By kinds of transport, the roadways reached 455.6 million tons, up 9.3% over the same period last year and 28.4 billion tons.km, up 11.3%; inland waterway reached 100.1 million tons, up 6.9% and 21.3 billion tons.km, up 6.4%; seaways reached 28.1 million tons, up 9.7% and 57 billion tons.km, up 2.6%; railways reached 2.3 million tons, up 4.2% and 1.4 billion tons.km, up 8%.

         d. Foreign visitors to Viet Nam

Foreign visitors to Viet Nam in May were estimated at 972.8 thousand visitors, decreasing by 9.2% over the previous month, and increasing by 26.8% over the same period last year. Generally for 5 months, foreign visitors to Viet Nam were estimated at 5,257 thousand visitors, increasing by 29.9% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors coming by airway reached 4,359 thousand visitors, an increase of 32.4%; by roadway reached 730.2 thousand visitors, a rise of  12.7%; by seaway reached 167.8 thousand visitors, an upturn of 43.9%.

In 5 months, visitors from Asia reached 3,826.3 thousand visitors, an increase of 34.4% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors coming from main markets all increased: visitors from China reached 1,572.2 3 thousand visitors, an increase of 55.5%; from South Korea achieved 889.2 thousand visitors, an increase of 40.9%; from Japan attained 323 thousand visitors, a rise of  7.1%; from Taiwan reached 247.7 thousand visitors, an increase of 22.6%; from Malaysia achieved 196 thousand visitors, an increase of 19.9%; from Thailand reached 134 thousand visitors, an expansion of 11.9%; from Singapore reached 107 thousand visitors, an increase of 7.4%.

Visitors from Europe were estimated at 873.4 thousand visitors, an increase of 23.7% over the same period last year, of which: Visitors from the Russian Federation were 275.4 thousand visitors, up 52.8%; from United Kingdom reached 126.4 thousand visitors, an increase of 12.7%; from France reached 123.6 thousand visitors, an increase of 10.1%; from Germany reached 94.2 thousand visitors, an increase of 17.4%; from Netherlands reached 27.9 thousand visitors, an increase of 16.7%; from Sweden reached 26.2 thousand visitors, up 22.6%; from Israel reached 25.4 thousand visitors, an expansion of 16.1%.

Visitors from the America reached 370.1 thousand, a rise of 11.1% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the United States reached 268.3 thousand visitors, a growth of 9.2%. Visitors from the Oceania reached 172.3 thousand, a rise of 7.7% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the Australia reached 154.5 thousand visitors, a growth of 7.4%. Visitors from Africa reached 14.9 thousand visitors, an increase of 34% over the same period in 2016.

  1. SOCIAL ISSUES

      a. Food shortage among farmers

In May, the whole country witnessed 45.8 thousand households suffering from food shortage a year on year fall of 21.6%, corresponding to 187.2 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, declined by 22.7%. Generally, for 5 months of 2017, the whole country witnessed 139.7 thousand households suffering from food shortage a year on year fall of 25.8%, corresponding to 574 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, declined by 24.9%. In order to overcome food shortage, from the beginning of the year, all administrative levels, sectors and organizations from central to local level supported these households with 16.2 thousand tons of food and about 1.1 billion VND, in May alone supported 2.8 thousand tons of food.

        b. Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In May, the whole country witnessed 4.4 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease; 6.6 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever; 53 cases of typhoid; 66 cases of viral encephalitis; 3 cases of meningococcal meningitis (2 deaths); 3 cases of Zika virus infection, 46 cases of whooping cough and 26 cases of human streptococcus suis infection (1 death). Generally, for 5 months of 2017, the whole country witnessed nearly 15.2 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease; 27.6 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever (8 deaths); 184 cases of typhoid; 195 cases of viral encephalitis (5 deaths); 14 cases of meningococcal meningitis (3 deaths); 24 cases of Zika virus infection, 266 cases of whooping cough; 60 cases of human streptococcus suis infection (4 deaths).

As of 17 May 2017, the total number of alive HIV-infected persons over the country was 217.5 thousand persons and the number of cases turned to AIDS was 89.1 thousand persons; the number of persons died of HIV/AIDS nationwide was 91 thousand persons.

In the month, there were 15 food poisoning cases, poisoned 251 persons. From 18 December 2016 to 17 May 2017, there were 44 severe food poisoning cases, poisoned 1,006 persons, of which 16 deaths.

        c.Traffic accidents

In May (from 16 April to 15 May), there were 1.654 traffic accidents traffic accidents occurred nationwide, including 842 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 812 traffic collisions, causing 701 deaths, 532 injuries and 937 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in May 2017 decreased by 5.4% (the number of traffic accidents from less serious to more decreased by 3.1% and the number of traffic collisions went down by 7.6%); the number of deaths declined by 3.4%; the number of injuries rose by 21.7% and the number of slight injuries decreased by 11.1%. Remarkably, there were several serious road traffic accidents: The road traffic accident on Highway No. 14 through the town of Chu Se (Gia Lai) on 7 May left 13 dead and 32 wounded; the traffic accident at the Phuoc Thanh commune (Binh Dinh) on 24 April left 4 dead and 2 wounded.

Generally, for the first 5 months of 2017, there were 8,023 traffic accidents occurred nationwide, including 4,055 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 3,968 traffic collisions, causing 3,496 deaths, 1,972 injuries and 4,616 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in 5 months of this year decreased by 4.2% (traffic accidents from less serious to more decreased by 2.6%; the number of traffic collisions declined by 5.8%); the number of deaths decreased by 2.6%; the number of injuries dropped 17.9% and the number of slight injuries decreased by 6.5%. Of the total of 4,055 traffic accidents from less serious to more over the last 5 months, 3,943 cases (accounted for 97.2%) occurred on the road, causing 3,405 deaths and 1,931 injuries. There were 68 cases of railway traffic accident, causing 59 deaths and 30 injuries; 44 cases of waterway and maritime traffic accidents, causing 32 deaths and 11 injuries.

On average 53 traffic accidents occurred a day in the first 5 months of 2017 nationwide, including 27 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 26 traffic collisions, caused 23 deaths, 13 injuries and 31 slight injuries.

       d. Damages caused by natural disasters

According to preliminary reports, in May natural disasters caused 7 deaths and 2 injuries; nearly 1 thousand houses collapsed, hit by landslides and roof ripped-off; 1.140 hectares of rice and nearly 650 hectares of arable crops were damaged; Total value of loss caused by natural disasters in the month was estimated at 31 billion VND. Generally, for the first 5 months of 2018, natural disasters caused 9 deaths and 16 injuries; nearly 5 thousand houses collapsed, hit by landslides and roof ripped-off; 5.5 thousand hectares of rice and 3.2 thousand hectares of arable crops were damaged; Total value of damage was estimated at 248 billion VND.

      e. Environment protection, fire and explosion prevention

In May 2017, 1,487 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found, of which 1,074 cases were addressed with total fine of over 9.5 billion VND. Generally, for the 5 months of 2017, 7,944 cases of environmental violations across the country were found, of which 6,708 cases were addressed with a total fine of over 95.6 billion VND.

In May, there were 348 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 4 deaths and 20 injuries, with an estimated damage of 46 billion VND. Generally, for the 5 months of 2017, there were 2,035 fires and explosions nationwide, causing 44 deaths and 107 injuries, with an estimated loss of 910 billion VND.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] In which: conversion area into other annual crops and perennial plants  in provinces as followings; Bac Giang by 1,431 hectares; Hung Yen by1,200 hectares; Hai Duong by 800  hectares; Hanoi by 629 hectares; Nam Dinh by 325 hectares; Thai Binh by 125 hectares; Hai Phong by118 hectares. Area conversion into aquaculture were as followings; Hanoi by 725 hectares; Nam Dinh by 195 hectares; Hai Duong by149 hectares. The area of land acquisitionfor roads, irrigation works, working offices as followings: Hanoi by785 hectares; Hung Yen by 300 hectares; Hai Phong by116 hectares; Nam Dinh by 110 hectares; Hai Duong by 90 hectares.

[2] Of which: Nam Đinh by hectares; Hai Phong by 420 hectares; Hai Duong by218 hectares.

[3] In the first 5 months of 2016, the IIP of the mining and quarrying decreased by 2.5 %; the manufacturing increased by 10%; the production and distribution of electricity rose 1 1.9%; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities expanded 8.2%.

[4] Source: National business registration information system, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[5] In the same period in 2016, the number of newly registered enterprises increased by 24.1% over the same period last year; the registered capital rose by 59.3%.

[6] Particularly, the gas pipeline project Lot B – O Mon licensed on April 20, 2017, by Japanese investors joint venture with PVN and Viet Nam PVGAS invested with total registered capital of 1.27 billion USD

[7] Because in April Samsung launched the Galaxy S8 phone product.

[8] In the first 5 months of 2017, Vietnam saw a trade deficit of 11.5 billion USD from China, went down by 0.2% year on year; trade deficit from South Korea reached 12.9 billion USD, surged up by 61.3%.

[9] The northern provinces were entering the winter-spring rice harvest, along with the decline in rice export.

[10] Of which: Living weight pig price decreased by 9.94%; price of living weight poultry declined by 0.99%.

[11] Average CPI in the first 4 months of 2017 increased by 4.80% compared to the same period in 2016.