1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

Agricultural, forestry and fishery production in May 2019 faced difficulties. African swine fever was complicated and continued to spread on a large scale. Winter-spring paddy production was estimated to decrease by 45 thousand tons compared with that of over the previous winter-spring paddy. Although fishery maintained a good growth in both catching and aquaculture production, fishery export tended to decrease due to a decline in production of brackish shrimp and Pangasius exported to the US and China markets.

      a) Agriculture

Agricultural production in the month focused mainly on tending winter-spring paddy in Northern provinces; harvested paddy and vegetables in winter-spring and cultivated summer-autumn paddy in southern localities. Winter-spring paddy this year, the country cultivated 3,123.4 thousand hectares, an equal to 100.7% compared with that of the same period last year, of which Northern provinces reached 1,116.7 thousand hectares, an equal to 99% (a decline 10.9 thousand hectares); due to some localities conducted conversion parts of paddy area to other uses[1]; Southern provinces reached 2,006.7 thousand hectares, equaling 101.6%.

In Northern provinces, production of winter-spring paddy this year saw an abnormal weather conditions, warm and sunny winters, drizzle summers and monsoon winds, unseasonal weather that was recorded to impact paddy to flower early and early harvest, consequently the yield was low. According to the preliminary report, if from now until the end of the season, there are no unusual rains, storms and pests, winter-spring paddy, yield in Northern provinces was estimated at 63.8 quintals/hectare, a decrease of 0.3 quintals/hectare compared with that of over the previous winter-spring paddy; production was estimated at 7.1 million tons, falling by 103.4 thousand tons. However, it was forecasted that in the North, there would be heavy rains occurred at the right time of harvesting winter-spring paddy, Agriculture needed to closely monitor the weather and early detection pests and diseases on paddies, human resources, machinery to harvest paddy to avoid devastation caused by storms and cyclones.

In southern provinces, as of middle of May, 1,918.1 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy was harvested, holding 95.6% of the cultivated area and equaling 101.9% of over the same period last year, of which Mekong River Delta basically harvested 1,601.7 thousand hectares, holding 99.8%, an equal to 102.3%. Estimated winter-spring paddy yield of southern provinces this year reached 66.9 quintals / hectare, falling by 0.8 quintals / hectare compared with that of over the last winter-spring paddy; production reached 13.4 million tons, rising by 58.8 thousand tons. Particularly in Mekong River Delta, there was recorded a long lasting hot weather on a large scale affecting the paddy yield, the yield was estimated at  67.8 quintals / hectare, a decline of 1.1 quintals / hectare compared  with that of over the previous winter-spring paddy; production reached 10.8 million tons, rising by 39.3 thousand tons.

Along with harvesting winter-spring paddy, localities in the South cultivated 1,165.9 thousand hectares of summer-autumn paddy, equaling 104.5% of over the same period in 2018 (Mekong River Delta reached 1,077.8 thousand hectares, an equal to 104.6%), progress of summer-autumn paddy cultivation this year was recorded faster than that of over the same period last year because the winter-spring crop was cultivated and harvested early. Summer-autumn paddy was currently in the period of relatively good growth, some areas of early cultivated was recorded for harvest. However, it was forecasted that this summer-autumn paddy would face difficulties due to long lasting hot weather, especially risk of drought and water shortage for irritation in Central and Central Highlands provinces in the dry months. Therefore, the Agriculture needed to control and proactively prevent the risk of rice-borne pests and diseases, limit cultivation in low areas, not actively irrigate or floods.

As of mid-May, the country planted 463.7 thousand hectares of maize, equaling 95.8% of over the same period last year; 70.4 thousand hectares of sweet potatoes, equaling 98.1%; 134.2 thousand hectares of groundnut, equaling 98.5%; 21.4 thousand hectares of soybeans, equaling 96.4%; 628.9 thousand hectares of legumes, equaling 101.2%.

Generally, Buffaloes and cattle husbandry in the month witnessed a stability, poultry farming continued to record well, particularly pig farming faced difficult due to the widespread spread of African swine fever occurred in localities which with large scale[2]. Buffalo population in month was estimated to decrease by 3.2% of against the same period last year; cattle population increased by 2.9%; poultry increased by 7.1%; pigs decreased by 5.5%. As of May 21, 2019, the country no longer reported the blue-ear disease; bird flu was recorded not over 21 days in Vinh Long, Hau Giang province and foot and mouth disease in Dak Lak.

       b) Forestry

Forestry production in May 2019 mainly focused on tending planted forests in Northern provinces, preparing for the autumn forest planting season in the South. Area of ​​concentrated forests in May was estimated at 29 thousand hectares, decreasing by 9.4% of against same period last year; number of dispersed planted trees reached 5.7 million, falling by 0.9%; wood production reached 1,428 thousand m3, an increase of 4.9%; firewood production reached 2 million ste, falling by 1.9%. Some localities was recorded a good increase in wood production: Quang Nam was estimated at 200 thousand m3, an increase of 11% of over the same period last year; Quang Ngai reached 160.4 thousand m3, an increase of 7.2%; Thanh Hoa reached 52.4 thousand m3, an increase of 7%. In the first 5 months, concentrated forests area was estimated at 85.9 thousand hectares, falling by 6.9% of against the same period last year; number of dispersed planted trees reached 28.1 million, falling by 3.2%; wood production reached 5,370 thousand m3, an increase of 4.5%; firewood production reached 7.3 million ste, a decline of 1.7%.

The weather was recorded hot in the months on large scale affecting the protection and prevention of forest fires. In May 2019, the whole country was recorded to occur 254.6 hectares of forest damaged, an increase of 3.5 times, in comparison with that of over the same period last year, of which forest fired area was 191.9 hectares, an increase of 10 times; 62.7 hectares of forest area, an increase of 17%. Some provinces was recorded a large forest fires during the month: Son La by 81.3 ha; Kien Giang by 48 hectares; Dien Bien by 20.9 hectares; Quang Ngai by 13.5 hectares; Phu Yen by 13.3 hectares. Generally, in the first 5 months of the year, the damaged forest area was 496.7 hectares, rising by 23.9% of over the same period last year, of which the forest fired area was 290.4 hectares, rising by 49%; devastated area was 206.3 hectares, an increase of 0.2%.

        c) Fishery

Fishery production in May was estimated at 764.1 thousand tons, rising by 6.5% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 579 thousand tons, rising by 6.2%; shrimp reached 82.5 thousand tons, rising by 7.6%; other fisheries reached 102.6 thousand tons, rising by 7.1%.

Aquaculture production in May 2019 was estimated to reach 409.6 thousand tons, rising by 7.2% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 301.4 thousand tons, rising by 6.8%; shrimp reached 71.2 thousand tons, rising by 9.5%. Pangasius farming was recorded not favorable because raw material price of Pangasius tended to decrease, Pangasius export to main markets like the US and China decreased, but exports to EU and ASEAN markets increased. Pangasius production in May was estimated at 126.5 thousand tons, rising by 6.3% of over the same period last year, of which Dong Thap reached 33.9 thousand tons, rising by 4.9%; An Giang reached 33.4 thousand tons, rising by  24.6%; Ben Tre reached 17.5 thousand tons, rising by 20%; Can Tho reached 17.5 thousand tons, rising by 7.4%. Shrimp farming was in the main harvest season. Black tiger shrimp production in May was estimated at 27.9 thousand tons, rising by 11.2% of over the same period in 2018; vannamei shrimp production reached 38.4 thousand tons, rising by 12.9%.

Fishery production in May 2019 was estimated to reach 354.5 thousand tons, rising by 5.6% of over the same period last year, of which fish reached 277.6 thousand tons, rising by 5.5%; shrimp reached 11.3 thousand tons, falling by 3.4%; other fisheries reached 65.6 thousand tons, rising by 7.7%. The weather in the month was recorded favorable for marine catching. Marine fishery production production in May reached 339.5 thousand tons, rising by 5.6% of over the same period last year.

Generally, in the first 5 months of the year, fishery production was estimated at 3,004.5 thousand tons, rising by 6.2% of over the same period last year, of which aquaculture production reached 1,496.7 thousand tons, rising by  7%;  Fishery catching reached 1,507.8 thousand tons, rising by 5.4% (marine fishery production reached 1,441.3 thousand tons, rising by 5.5%).

  1. Industrial production

Industrial production in the first 5 months of 2019 achieved a good increase thanks to positive production results in May of the manufacturing; the production and distribution of electricity, and the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities. In which, the manufacturing played a key role and led the overall growth of the whole industrial activities with the highest increase in the May index of industrial production over the last 5 years[3], notably the manufacture of electronic, computer, and optical products in May recovered after 2 consecutive months of negative growth.

The index of industrial production (IIP) in May 2019 was estimated to increase by 4.6% over the previous month and by 10% over the same period last year, of which the IIP of the mining and quarrying decreased by 1.5%; but the IIP of the manufacturing, the production and distribution of electricity, the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities increased by 11.6%, 11%, 8.4%, respectively.

Generally in the first 5 months of 2019, the IIP was estimated to increase by 9.4% over the same period last year, which was lower than the increase of 10.3% in the same period of 2018 but higher than the increase of 7.4% and 6.6% in the same period of 2016 and 2017. Of which, the IIP of the manufacturing increased by 10.9% (the same period last year increased by 12.1%), contributing 8.4 percentage points to the general increase; the IIP of the production and distribution of electricity, the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities increased by 10.3%, 7.9%, which contributing 0.9 percentage points, 0.1 percentage points, respectively. Otherwise, the IIP of the mining and quarrying decreased by 0.1% over the same period last year (of which, the IIP of the extraction of crude oil decreased by 7.9%, but the IIP of the coal mining increased by 12.9%), reducing 0.02 percentage points of the general growth.

In 2-digit industrial activities, the 5-month IIP of some activities increased significantly over the same period last year, contributing mainly to the overall growth of the whole industrial activities: the manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products (84%); the manufacture of basic metals (40.5%); the extraction of metal ore (14.9%); the manufacture of motor vehicles (14.7%); the manufacture of rubber and plastic products (14.1%); printing and reproduction of recorded media (13.7%); the manufacture of wood and of products of wood cork (13.5%); the mining of hard coal and lignite (12.9%); the manufacture of textile (11.3%). Some activities showed a slight increase in the IIP: the manufacture of electronic, computer and optical products (3.1%) (the same period last year increased by 18.3%); the manufacture of tobacco products (2.6%). On the contrary, the IIP of several activities experienced a decrease, including the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products (1.4%); the manufacture of other transport vehicles (motorcycles and motorbikes) (2.3%); supporting services for mining and quarrying (3.5%); the extraction of crude oil and natural gas (4%).

The 5-month IIP of some major industrial products increased significantly over the same period last year, including: petrol and oil (74.7%); iron and crude steel (66.2%); televisions (34.2%); liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) (26.2%); automobiles (17.1%); urea fertilizer (14.9%); chemical paint (14.5%); aquatic feed (13%); clean coal (12.7%). The IIP of products such as cigarettes, and powder milk slightly increased by 2.6%, and 2.5%, respectively. The IIP of some products saw a decrease, such as natural gas (0.2%); animal feed (1.6%); NPK fertilizer (2.9%); extracted crude oil (8%); refined sugar (13.6%); phone components (17.9%).

In the first 5 months of 2019, the index of industrial production of 59 out of 63 provinces and cities directly under the Central Government increased over the same period last year, of which Thanh Hoa continued to lead with an increase of 44.8% because the Nghi Son Refinery and Petrochemical LLC came into production in mid-2018; the IIP of Tra Vinh increased 37.8% as the Duyen Hai Thermal Power Plant increased its electricity production; the IIP of Ha Tinh increased by 32.8% mainly due to the contribution from the Formosa Group. Some industrial large shared provinces showed an increase in the 5-month IIP compared to the same period last year, including Hai Phong (23.1%); Quang Ninh (13.3%); Vinh Phuc (12.1%); Hai Duong (9%); Thai Nguyen (7.9%); Dong Nai (7.8%); Ha Noi (7.2%); Binh Duong (7.1%); Ho Chi Minh City (6.6%); Can Tho (6.3%); Quang Nam (5.2%); Da Nang (4%). Some localities experienced a decrease in the IIP compared to same period last year: Ba Ria – Vung Tau (0.1%) due to the continued decrease in the extraction of crude oil; Ha Giang (1.6%); Bac Ninh (9.5%) owing to the sharp decline in phone components production; Gia Lai (11.3%) because sugar production stopped earlier than every year and electricity production decreased.

The number of employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st May, 2019 increased by 1.4% over the same period last month and by 2.2% from the same period last year, of which the number of employees in State-owned enterprises decreased by 0.9%; but the number of employees in non-state enterprises, FDI enterprises increased by 1.3%, 3.1%, respectively. At that time, the number of employees working in the mining and quarrying decreased by 0.9% compared to the same period last year; but the number of employees working in the manufacturing, the production and distribution of electricity, the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities increased by 2.3%, 1.6%, 2.2%, respectively.

Some localities with large share of the industry sector witnessed an increase in the number of employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st May, 2019 compared to the same period last year: Hai Phong (10.6%); Binh Duong (7.5%); Quang Nam (5.6%); Thai Nguyen (1.6%); Ba Ria – Vung Tau (1.3%); Hai Duong, Vinh Phuc and Can Tho (1.1%); Quang Ninh (0.9%); Dong Nai (0.7%); Ho Chi Minh City (0.3%); the number of employees working in industrial enterprises in Ha Noi was unchanged compared to the same period last year; but the number of employees working in industrial enterprises in Bac Ninh, Da Nang decreased by 11.2%[4], 13.4%[5], respectively.

  1. Enterprise registration situation[6]

The wave of start up continues to be a channel to mobilize the capital for the economy. In the first 5 months of 2019, there were nearly 54 thousand newly registered enterprises, the number of enterprises was highest in the past 5 years[7]. If including the newly registered capital and the additionally registered capital, in the first 5 months of this year, it was estimated the enterprises that recorded upward adjustment the registered capital in the economy by nearly 1.7 million billion VND.

In May 2019, there were 10.7 thousand newly established enterprises in the whole country with a registered capital of 127.3 trillion VND, reduce 28% in the number of enterprises and 23.8% in the registered capital compared to with the previous month[8]; the average registered capital of an enterprise was 11.9 billion VND, rose by 5.9%; the total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises was 88.1 thousand persons, decreasing by 33%. In this month, there were 2,461 re-operated enterprises, a decline of 9.3% compared to the previous month; 2,326 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, a downturn of 6.8%; 2,089 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, a rise of 9.7%; 1,066 enterprises completed dissolution procedures, a drop of 10.3%.

Generally, in the first 5 months of this year, there were nearly 54,000 newly registered enterprises in the whole country with a total registered capital of 669.7 trillion VND, a growth of 3.2% in the number of enterprises and an upturn of 29.6% the registered capital compared to the same period in 2018; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise was 12.4 billion VND, climbing by 25.6%[9]. If including 987.4 trillion VND of the additionally registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, the total additional registered capital in the economy in the first 5 months of 2019 was 1,657.1 trillion VND. In addition, there were 19.6 thousand re-operated enterprises, an increase of 48.1% over the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and re-operated enterprises in 5 month to more than 73.6 thousand enterprises. The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises in the first 5 months of this year was 537.2 thousand persons, went up 30.2% over the same period last year.

By economic activities, in the first 5 months, there were 752 newly established enterprises in the agriculture, forestry and fishery, accounting for 1.4% of the total number of newly established enterprises; 14,722 industry and construction enterprises, making up 27.3%; 38,524 service enterprises, sharing 71.3%. In particular, almost of the economic activities there were the number of newly established enterprises increased over the same period last year, as follows: there were 7.1 thousand construction enterprises (making up 13.2% of the total number of newly established enterprises), an increase of 0.2%; 6.8 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.7%), a growth of 6%; 4,5 thousand enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (sharing 8.3%), a rise of 12.1%; 3.17 thousand real estate activities (accounting for 5.9%), rose by 21%; 3.16 thousand enterprises in the employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services (accounting for 5.8%), a growth of 3.4% … Some economic activities, the number of newly established enterprises decreased compared to the same period last year: there were 17.6 thousand enterprises in the wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (making up 32.6% of the total number of newly established enterprises), a  reduce of 0.8%; 2.5 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (sharing 4.7%), a cut down of 6%; 579 enterprises in the financial, banking and insurance activities (accounting for 1.1%), a downturn of 13.2%; 258 mining enterprises (accounting for 0.5%), a decline of 4.8% …

In the first 5 months of this year, almost of the economic regions with the number of newly registered enterprises increased compared to the same period last year: The Red River Delta region had 16.5 thousand enterprises, a rise of 5.9% (the registered capital reached 167.7 trillion VND, up 13%); North Central Coast and Central Coast areas had 7.8 thousand enterprises, went up 5.9% (the registered capital of 69 trillion VND, up 1%); Central Highlands had 1.4 thousand enterprises, an upturn of 7.3% (the registered capital of 15.9 trillion VND, rose by 90.5%); Southeast had 22.5 thousand enterprises, going up by 1.7% (the registered capital was 353.1 trillion VND, climbing up 50.1%); Mekong River Delta had 3.8 thousand enterprises, an increase of 0.2% (the registered capital of 39.6 trillion VND, a growth of 6.4%). Particularly in the Northern Midlands and Mountains areas had 2 thousand newly established enterprises, a fall of 7.1% compared to the same period last year (registered capital of 24.4 trillion VND, a surge 26.1%).

The number of enterprises ceased for a certain period of time in the first 5 months of this year was 19.1 thousand enterprises, went up 19.4% over the same period last year. By economic activities, there were 7.2 thousand enterprises ceased for a certain period of time in the wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (accounting for 37.6%), a growth of 14.6% the same period last year; 2,900 construction enterprises (making up 15.1%), climbing by 18%; 2.2 thousand manufacturing enterprises (sharing 11.6%), increasing by 11.2%; 1.2 thousand enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (accounting for 6.3%), increasing by 28%; nearly 1.2 thousand transportation and  storage enterprises (representing 6.1%), rose by 22.6%; 1 thousand enterprise in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.4%), an increase of 26%… In the first 5 months of this year, there were 19,354 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, including 9,522 enterprises were revoked their business registration certificates in line with the 2018 data standardization program, constituted 49.2% of the total number of enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution; enterprises announcing dissolution were 5,234 enterprises, accounting for 27% and 4,598 enterprises waiting for dissolution procedures, sharing 23.8%.

The number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures in the first 5 months of 2019 was 6,371 enterprises, an increase of 15.1% over the same period last year, of which 5,755 enterprises with the capital size of less than 10 billion VND (making up 90.3% of the total enterprises completed dissolution procedures), a rise of 13.7%. Enterprises completed dissolution procedures focused mainly in the fields: 2,500 enterprises in the wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (representing 40%), an increase of 19.8% compared to in the same period last year; 682 manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 10.7%), a cut down of 12.5%; 624 contruction enterprises (sharing 9.8%), rose by 4.2%.

  1. Investment

The situation of implementation of investment capital of the State budget in May and the first 5 months of 2019 were not improved much, touching the lowest growth rate in the years 2016-2019[10]. Meanwhile, foreign direct investment continued to prosper with a record level of both in number of newly licensed projects and newly registered capital. As of 20th May, 2019, the number of newly licensed projects was 1,363 with a total registered capital of 6.5 billion USD, the highest growth in the last 3 years[11].

The realized investment of the state budget in May was estimated at 25.6 trillion VND, a rise of 1.4% over the same period last year, including: Central capital was 3.2 trillion VND, a fall of 28.5%; local capital was 22.4 trillion VND, an increase of 7.8%. Generally, in the first 5 months of this year, the realized investment of the state budget reached 99.5 trillion VND, equaling 28.9% of the yearly plan and going up 3.1% over the same period last year (the corresponding figures of the same period in 2018 were 27.4% and 9.3%, respectively), including:

– The capital under central management reached 12.3 trillion VND, equaling 26.5% of the yearly plan and a decrease of 29.8% compared to the same period last year, of which the implemented investment capital of the Ministry of Transportation gained 2,608 billion VND, equaling 35.4% and decreasing by 57.8%; Ministry of Health 1,013 billion VND, equaling 19.2% and going up 21%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 721 billion VND, equaling 21.8% and decreasing by 57.4%; Ministry of Education and Training 270 billion VND, equaling 20.9% and falling 9.9%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment 238 billion VND, equaling 18.1% and decreasing by 34.5%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism 185 billion VND, equaling 24.8% and declining 8.7%; Ministry of Science and Technology 93 billion VND, equaling 30.4% and increasing by 47.8%; Ministry of Construction 54 billion VND, equaling 21.7% and going down 23.4%; Ministry of Industry and Trade 46 billion VND, equaling 18.8% and reducing 25.2%; Ministry of Information and Communications 36 billion VND, equaling 22.5% and climbing up 5.5%.

– The capital under local management reached 87.2 trillion VND, equaling 29.2% of the yearly plan and going up 10.3% over the same period in 2018, of which: the state budget capital at provincial level achieved 59 trillion VND, equaling 28.1% and rising 8.7%; the state budget capital at district level reached 23.7 trillion VND, equaling 31.3% and increasing by 14.4%; the state budget capital at commune level was 4.5 trillion VND, equaling 35.6% and expanding by 11.4%. The realized investment of the state budget in the first 5 months of 2019 of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government was as follows: Ha Noi reached 12,885 billion VND, equaling 26.1% of the yearly plan and increasing by 13.7 % compared to the same period last year; Ho Chi Minh city 6,840 billion VND, equaling 18.6% and climbing up 9.7%; Quang Ninh 3,361 billion VND, equaling 29.1% and jumping up 30.8%; Thanh Hoa 2,901 billion VND, equaling 37.2% and increasing by 19.5%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 2,565 billion VND, equaling 38.9% and rising 19.1%; Hai Phong 2,485 billion VND, equaling 27.4% and increasing by 7.6%; Quang Nam with 2,419 billion VND, equaling 32.6% and spreading 16%; Vinh Phuc 2,159 billion VND, equaling 34.6% and climbing up 2.8%.

Foreign direct investment from the beginning of the year to 20th May, 2019 attracted 1,363 newly licensed projects with a total registered capital of 6,457.9 million USD, an increase of 26.7% in the number of projects and a rise of 38.7% of registered capital compared to the same period in 2018. Besides, 505 turns of projects which were licensed in the previous years registered to adjust investment capital with the additional capital of 2,628.8 million USD, a growth of 5.5% over the same period last year. Thus, the total newly registered capital and additional capital in the first 5 months reached 9,086.7 million USD, jumping up 27.1% over the same period in 2018. Foreign direct investment capital in 5 months was estimated at 7.3 billion USD, an increase of 7.8% over the same period in 2018. In 5 months, there were 3,160 turns of capital contribution and share purchase of foreign investors with a total value of capital contribution of 7.65 billion USD, a rise of 2.8 times higher than the same period in 2018, of which 614 turns of capital contribution and share purchase increased the charter capital of enterprises with the value of contributed capital of 5.33 billion USD and 2,546 turns of domestic share purchase with the value of 2.32 billion USD without increasing the charter capital.

In 5 months of this year, the manufacturing activity attracted the largest foreign direct investment with the registered capital of newly licensed projects reaching 4,744.4 million USD, accounting for 73.5% of the total newly registered capital; the real estate activities witnessed 742.3 million USD, making up 11.5%; the other activities gained 971.2 million USD, representing 15%. If including the supplementary registered capital of the projects which were licensed in the previous years, the foreign direct investment in the manufacturing activity in 5 months witnessed 7,011.2 million USD, accounting for 77.2 % of registered capital; the real estate business reached 752.1 million USD, accounting for 8.3%; the other activities gained 1,323.4 million USD, making up 14.5%. For capital contribution, share purchase of foreign investors, capital invested in the manufacturing activity reached 5,004.2 million USD, accounting for 65.4% of the total value of capital contribution; the real estate activities gained 627.9 million USD, comprising 8.2%; the other activities reached 2,018.3 million USD, representing 26.4%.

In the whole country, 46 provinces and cities directly under the Central Government had newly licensed foreign direct investment projects in the first 5 months, of which Tay Ninh had the largest registered capital with 595.7 million USD, accounting for 9.2% of total newly registered capital; followed by Binh Duong with 589.9 million USD, making up 9.1%; Bac Ninh 559.3 million USD, comprising 8.7%; Ho Chi Minh city 472.2 million USD, representing 7.3%; Dong Nai: 400.3 million USD, sharing 6.2%; Tien Giang 346.9 million USD, accounting for 5.4%; Bac Giang 315.4 million USD, consisting of 4.9%; Hai Duong with 297 million USD, making up 4.6%; Hai Phong 289.7 million USD, accounting for 4.5%; Da Nang 259 million USD, sharing 4%; Phu Yen with 216.8 million USD, comprising 3.4%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 207 million, accounting for 3.2%.

Among 59 countries and territories had newly licensed investment projects in Viet Nam in 5 months, China ranked the top with 1,561.4 million USD, accounting for 24.2% of total newly registered capital; followed by South Korea with 1,047 million USD, accounting for 16.2%; Singapore 842.7 million USD, representing 13%; Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) 775.7 million USD, making up 12%; Japan 732.1 million USD, comprising 11.3%; Thailand 328.7 million USD, accounting for 5.1%; Taiwan 281.1 million USD, consisting of 4.4%; British Virgin Islands 224.7 million USD, representing 3.5%.

Vietnam’s outward investment in the first 5 months of this year, 55 projects were newly granted investment certificates with a total capital of 98.3 million USD of Vietnam; 14 projects adjusted capital with the additional capital of 84.8 million USD. Generally, total Vietnam’s outward investment capital (newly granted capital and supplementary capital) in 5 months of 2019 reached 183.1 million USD, of which the professional, scientific and technical activities achieved 81.9 million. USD, accounting for 44.7% of total investment; the financial, banking and insurance activities witnessed 37.1 million USD, making up 20.3%; the information and communication reached 31 million USD, comprising 16.9%; the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motors vehicles and motorcycles recorded 18.2 million USD, accounting for 9.9%. In 5 months, 25 countries and territories received investment from Viet Nam, of which Spain was the leading country with 59.8 million USD, accounting for 32.7% of total investment capital; the United State 44.3 million USD, representing 24.2%; Cambodia 38 million USD, making up 20.8%; Malaysia 14.2 million USD, accounting for 7.8%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

The state budget revenues in the first 15 days of May 2019 decreased slightly (1.4 trillion VND) compared to the first 15 days of April 2019 but this amount was still high compared to the first 15 days of March 2019 (an increase of over 10 trillion VND), because some arising revenues of the first quarter of 2019 were collected at the beginning of April. State budget expenditure continued to focus on ensuring payment of debts, public administration and defense.

The state budget revenue from the beginning of the year to 15th May, 2019 was estimated at 553.5 trillion VND, equaling 39.2% of the yearly estimate, of which domestic revenue was 447.6 trillion VND, equaling 38.1%; revenue from crude oil was 21.8 trillion VND, equaling 48.9%; State budget revenue from import and export achieved 83.3 trillion VND, equaling 44%. In the domestic revenue, tax on state-owned enterprises recorded 60.9 trillion VND, equaling 34.3% of the yearly estimate; tax on foreign-invested enterprises (excluding crude oil) witnessed 77.2 trillion VND, equaling 36.1%; taxes on trade and non-state services gained 94.2 trillion VND, equaling 39%; personal income tax was 48.2 trillion VND, equaling 42.6%; environment protection tax reached 18.1 trillion VND, equaling 26.3%; land use fee was 39.2 trillion VND, equaling 43.5%.

The state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to 15th May, 2019 was estimated at 486.9 trillion VND, equaling 29.8% of the yearly estimate, of which recurrent expenditure was 358.2 trillion VND, equaling 35.8%; expenditure on development investment was 82.5 trillion VND, equaling 19.2%; interest payment recorded 43.9 trillion VND, equaling 35.2%.

  1. Trade, price, transport and tourism

      a. Retail sales of consumer goods and services

Service and trade activities in the first 5 months of this year increased significantly, the goods supply in the market was plentiful, meeting production and consumption needs. Along with the holidays, entertainment, recreation and eating out activities made the total retail sales of consumer goods and services increase significantly compared to that in the same period last year.

Gross retail sales of goods and services in May 2019 were estimated at 403.8 trillion VND, up 1.9% over the previous month and up 11.4% over the same period in 2018, of which: retail sales of goods reached VND 306.9 trillion VND, up 1.7% and up 12.7%; revenue from accommodation and food services reached 48.7 trillion VND, up 2.3% and 9.6%; tourism and traveling revenue reached 3.5 trillion VND, going down by 0.4% and climbing up by 10.3% respectively; other service revenue reached 44.7 trillion VND, rising by 3.6% and up 5.2%.

Generally for the first 5 months of 2019, gross retail sales of consumer goods and services were estimated to reach 1,983.7 trillion VND, up 11.6% over the same period last year, if excluding the price factor, increased by 8.6% (that in the same period in 2018 increased by 8.5%).

By economic activity, retail sales of goods in the first 5 months were estimated at 1,518 trillion VND, accounting for 76.5% of the total and increased significantly with an increase of 12.7% over the same period last year, of which: food and foodstuff increased by 13.3%; household appliances, tools and equipment increased by 12.8%; garment increased by 11.4%; vehicles increased by 11.2%; cultural and educational items increased by 10.6%. Some provinces had a good increase: Binh Duong by 19.7%; Quang Ninh by 18.8%; Quang Nam by 17.7%; Thanh Hoa by 15.9%; Hai Phong by 15.2%; Thai Nguyen by 14.8%; Hanoi by 14%; Ho Chi Minh City by 13.7%; Bac Ninh by 11.6%.

The turnover from accommodation and catering services in the first 5 months was estimated at 236 trillion VND, accounting for 11.9% of the total and up 9.2% over the same period last year, of which the revenue of some provinces increased as follows: Binh Dinh by 18 , 3%; Quang Ninh by 16%; Khanh Hoa by 15.7%; Hai Phong by 15.1%; Can Tho by 13.6%; Da Nang by 10.7%; Ho Chi Minh City by 9.8%; Hanoi by 9.7%.

Turnover from tourism and traveling services in 5 months was estimated at 18.4 trillion VND, accounting for 0.9% of the total and up 12.4% over the same period last year, particularly some provinces grew as follows: Quang Ninh by 25.4%; Binh Dinh by 22.9%; Ho Chi Minh City by 18.2%; Khanh Hoa by 17.4%; Lam Dong by 10.9%; Can Tho by 10.8%; Hanoi by 8.1%.

Other service revenue in 5 months was estimated at 211.3 trillion VND, accounting for 10.7% of the total and up 6.1% over the same period in 2018, of which revenue of some provinces was as follows: Binh Dinh increased by 16%; Quang Ninh increased by 15.7%; Da Nang increased by 13.9%; Khanh Hoa increased by 13.7%; Thua Thien – Hue increased by 8.8%; Ho Chi Minh City increased 8.7%; Hai Phong increased by 7.2%; Hanoi increased by 4.5%.

        b) Export and import of goods

Total import and export turnover of the first 5 months of 2019 was estimated at 202.02 billion USD, of which export turnover reached 100.74 billion USD, rose by 6.7% over the same period last year, much lower than the increase of 19% and 17.5% of the first 5 months of 2017 and 2018, notably, export turnover of some agricultural products such as rice, coffee, cashew nuts, pepper in the first 5 months continued to decline compared to the same period last year. The trade balance of goods in May was estimated to witness a trade deficit of 1.3 billion USD, for a total of 5 months, the trade deficit was 548 million USD.

Export of goods

Export turnover in April 2019 reached 20,440 million USD, 540 million USD higher than estimated figure, of which iron and steel was 104 million USD higher, petroleum was 85 million USD higher; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 75 million USD higher; shoes were 56 million USD higher; textiles were 43 million USD higher; machinery, instrument and accessory were 36 million USD higher; textile fiber and rice were 32 million USD higher; cashews and vegetables were 27 million USD higher; chemicals were 20 million higher than estimated.

Export turnovers in May 2019 were estimated at 21.50 billion USD, grew by 5.2% over the previous month, of which the domestic economic sector gained 6.71 billion USD, rose by 3.9%; FDI sector (including crude oil) reached 14.79 billion USD, rose by 5.8%. Export turnover of some export products in May increased over the previous month: Crude oil by 62.5%; footwear by 20.2%; means of transport and spare parts by 12.6%; textile and garment by 11%. Compared to the same period last year, export turnover of goods in May increased by 7.5%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 10.7%, the FDI sector (including crude oil) increased by 6.1%. Export turnover of some products increased: chemicals by 57.3%; phones and their parts by 19.5%; vegetables and fruits by 15.8%; footwear by 13.8%; textiles and garments by 10.8%.

Generally in the first 5 months of 2019, export turnover was estimated to reach 100.74 billion USD, rose by 6.7% over the same period in 2018, of which the domestic economic sector reached 30.33 billion USD, an increase of 11.6%, accounting for 30.1% of total export turnover; FDI sector (including crude oil) reached 70.41 billion USD, rose by 4.7%, accounting for 69.9% (a decrease of 1.3 percentage points compared to the same period last year).

In 5 months, there were 19 products having export turnover of over 1 billion USD, accounting for 84.4% of total export turnover, of which phones and their parts achieved the largest export turnover of 19.9 billion USD, accounted for 19.7% of total export turnover, rose by 3% over the same period last year; electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 12.3 billion USD, rose by 11.1%; textiles and garments reached 12.1 billion USD, rose by 10.3%; footwear reached 7.1 billion USD, rose by 14.3%; machinery, instrument and accessory reached 6.8 billion USD, rose by 5.7%; wood and wooden products reached 4 billion USD, rose by 18.3%; means of transport and spare parts reached 3.6 billion USD, rose by 4.7%; fishery reached 3.2 billion USD, dropped 1%. Export turnover of some agricultural products in the first 5 months of this year decreased compared to the same period last year: Coffee reached 1.3 billion USD, dropped 23% (volume dropped 13.1%); cashew nuts reached 1.2 billion USD, dropped 14.1% (volume increased by 8.8%); rice reached 1.2 billion USD, declined by 20% (volume decreased by 5.3%); pepper reached 374 million USD, reduced by 2.1% (volume rose by 32.3%). Particularly, vegetables and fruits gained 1.8 billion USD, rose by 8.8%; rubber reached 673 million USD, rose by 4% (volume increased by 11.9%).

Regarding the export commodity market in the first 5 months of 2019, the United States was Vietnam’s largest export market with a turnover of 22.6 billion USD, rose by 28% over the same period last year, of which phones and their parts increased by 109.2%; electronic goods, computers and their parts rose by 58.4%; textiles and garments increased by 9.8%. The following was the EU market with 17.3 billion USD, rose by 1.9%, of which machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 21.1%; footwear increased by 7.1%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 3.2%. China reached 13.4 billion USD, dropped 2.6%, of which fishery products decreased by 11.8%; phones and their parts dropped 56.6%; rice dropped 78.7%. ASEAN market reached 10.6 billion USD, rose by 5.2%, of which textiles and garments increased by 31.6%; iron and steel increased by 19.4%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 12.8%. South Korea reached 7.9 billion USD, rose by 8.9%, of which textiles and garments increased by 16.3%; phones and their parts increased by 9.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 7.7%. Japan reached 7.7 billion USD, grew by 4.4%, of which electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 32.7%; footwear increased by 16.8%; textiles increased by 6.5%.

Import of goods

Import turnover of goods in April 2019 reached 20,994 million USD, 394 million USD higher than the estimated figure, of which crude oil was 216 million USD higher; phones and their parts were 174 million USD higher; petroleum was 132 million USD higher; metal was 37 million USD lower; liquefied gas was 42 million USD lower; animal feed and auxiliary materials were 55 million USD lower than estimated.

Import turnovers in May were estimated at 22.8 billion USD, grew by 8.6% over the previous month, of which the domestic economic sector gained 10.2 billion USD, grew by 8.4%; FDI sector reached 12.6 billion USD, grew by 8.8%. Import turnover of some products increased over the previous month: Litchi increased by 11.8%; iron and steel grew by 9.4%; phones and their parts increased by 7.5%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 6.6%. Compared to the same period in 2018, import turnovers in May increased by 8.3%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 11.1%; FDI sector increased by 6.2%. Some products had increased turnover over the same period last year: Vegetables and fruits increased by 64.9%; phones and their parts increased by 36.2%; automobile increased by 25.8%; electronic goods, computers and their parts grew by 13.5%.

Generally, in the first 5 months of 2019, import turnover was estimated at 101.28 billion USD, grew by 10.3% over the same period in 2018, of which the domestic economic sector gained 43.61 billion USD, an increase of 15.2%; FDI sector reached 57.67 billion USD, grew by 6.9%.

In 5 months, there were 21 import products having turnover of over 1 billion USD, accounting for 80.3% of total import turnover, of which some products increased over the same period last year: electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 19.8 billion USD (accounting for 19.5% of total import turnover), grew by 17.3%; machinery, instrument and accessory reached 14.8 billion USD, grew by 14.9%; fabric reached 5.4 billion USD, grew by 5.8%; iron and steel reached 4.1 billion USD, grew by 0.7%; plastic reached 3.7 billion USD, grew by 2.4%. In addition, some products had decreased import turnover compared to the same period in 2018: phones and their parts reached 4.9 billion USD, dropped 3.9%; metal reached 2.7 billion USD, dropped 6.6%.

Regarding the imported goods market in the first 5 months of 2019, China was still the largest import market of Vietnam with a turnover of 29.6 billion USD, grew by 18.9% over the same period last year, of which electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 82.8%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 27.8%; fabric increased by 12.7%. The following was Korean market with 19.2 billion USD, grew by 1.1%, of which phones and their parts increased by 11.8%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 11%. ASEAN market reached 13.9 billion USD, grew by 9.3%, of which completely built-up cars increased by 601.4%; iron and steel increased by 339.6%. Japan reached 7.4 billion USD, grew by 0.5%, of which completely built-up cars increased by 380.1%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 7.8%; fabric increased by 6.8%. The United States reached 5.8 billion USD, grew by 23.6%, of which electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 44.3%; animal feed and raw materials increased by 31.1%, cotton increased by 17.3%. EU market reached 5.7 billion USD, grew by 8.2%, of which completely built-up cars increased by 396.3%; animal feed increased by 91%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 5.2%.

The trade balance of goods in April saw a deficit of 555 million USD[12]; 4 months witnessed a trade surplus of 752 million USD; in May, the trade deficit was estimated at 1.3 billion USD. Generally, in 5 months of 2019, the trade deficit was 548 million USD[13] (in the same period last year, trade surplus was 2.6 billion USD), of which the domestic economic sector witnessed a trade deficit of 13.28 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) saw a trade surplus of 12.73 billion USD.

         c) Consumer price index, gold price index and US dollar price index

The increase in domestic petroleum prices in line with world prices and the increase in electricity prices due to the high consumption of electricity affected the increase in the consumer price index in May, but the development of African swine cholera caused decline in pork prices and the Government continued to apply the flexible monetary policy to maintain the goal of stabilizing the macro-economy to control inflation. Consumer price index (CPI) in May 2019 increased by 0.49% over the previous month, the average CPI in the first 5 months of 2019 increased by 2.74% over the same period in 2018, this was the lowest average increase of 5 months in the last 3 years[14].

In the 0.49% increase of CPI in May 2019 compared to the previous month, there were 9/11 groups of goods and services having increased CPI. The transport group had the highest increase of 2.64% due to the effect of two upward adjustments of the petroleum and oil prices on May 2nd, 2019 and on May 17th, 2019 (making the overall CPI increase by 0.25%). Housing and construction materials increased by 1.28% mainly due to the increase in electricity price of 6.86%; liquefied gas price increased by 0.6%; prices of housing maintenance materials increased by 0.66% and prices of housing repair services increased by 0.54%. Beverage and tobacco group increased by 0.18%; apparel, hat and footwear increased by 0.12%; household appliances increased by 0.11%; culture, entertainment and tourism increased by 0.1%. The food and catering service[15] and education group[16] increased by 0.05% (education service increased by 0.01%); other goods and services increased by 0.13%. The remaining two groups of goods and services had reduced price index: medicine and medical services by 0.06% (health care services by 0.1%); postal service and telecommunications by 0.05%.

Average consumer price index in the first 5 months of 2019 increased by 2.74% compared to the same period in 2018. The CPI in May 2019 increased by 1.5% compared to that in December 2018 and increased by 2.88% compared to the same period last year.

The core inflation in May 2019 increased by 0.13% over that in the previous month and by 1.9% over that in the same period last year. Average core inflation in the first 5 months of this year increased by 1.85% compared to the same period in 2018.

Gold price index in May 2019 decreased by 0.5% compared to the previous month; an increase of 2.27% over December 2018 and a decrease of 1.02% over the same period of 2018. The US dollar price index in May 2019 increased by 0.45% over the previous month; decreased by 0.01% compared to December 2018 and increased by 2.41% over the same period in 2018.

        d) Passenger and freight transportation

Passenger carriage in May was estimated at 417.4 million, decreasing by 0.4% over last month and 19.1 billion passengers-kilometers, increasing by 0.3%. Generally for the first 5 months of 2019, passenger carriage reached 2,073.4 million passengers, up 10.6% over the same period last year and 93.9 billion passengers-kilometers, up 9.3%, of which domestic transport reached 2,065.8 million passengers, up 10.6% and 73.1 billion passengers-kilometers, up 9.1%; foreign transport reached 7.6 million passengers, up 10.5% and 20.8 billion passengers-kilometers, up 9.9%. By kinds of transport, roadway reached 1,960 million passengers, up 10.8% over the same period last year and 65.6 billion passengers-kilometers, up 10.1%; inland waterways reached 84.9 million passengers, up 7.8% and 1,656.1 million passengers-kilometers, up 6.7%; seaway reached 3.2 million passengers, up 5.5% and 189.4 million passengers-kilometers, up 5.5%; airway reached nearly 22 million passengers, up 8.3% and 25.1 billion passengers-kilometers, up 8.6%; only railway reached 3.3 million passengers, down 8.1% and 1,350.3 million passengers.km, down 9.8%.

Freight carriage in May was estimated at 137.2 million tons, up 1.2% over the previous month and 26.2 billion tons-kilometers, up 1.1%. Generally, in 5 months, freight transport reached 684.8 million tons, up 8.9% over the same period last year and 130.2 billion tons-kilometers, up 6.8%, of which domestic transport reached 671.1 million tons, up 9% and 73.4 billion tons.km, up 10%; foreign transport reached 13.7 million tons, up 2.3% and 56.8 billion tons-kilometers, up 2.9%. By kinds of transport, roadway reached 526.6 million tons, up 9.7% compared to the same period last year and 35.2 billion tons.km, up 9.4%; inland waterway reached 122.7 million tons, up 6.7% and 25.7 billion tons-kilometers, up 5.2%; seaway at 33.2 million tons, up 5.8% and 67.4 billion tons-kilometers, up 6.5%; railway reached 2.2 million tons, down 10.2% and 1.5 billion tons-kilometers, down 9.6%; airway reached 163.5 thousand tons, up 13.4% and 412.7 million tons.km, up 12.2%.

        e) International visitors to VietNam

Vietnam continued to be the destination to attract international tourists, the number of visitors has continuously reached 1.3 – 1.4 million visitors per month since the beginning of the year. Generally, in 5 months, international visitors to Vietnam reached 7.3 million, higher than the number 6.7 million of the same period last year.

International visitors to Vietnam in May were estimated at 1,326.7 thousand, decreasing by 9.7% against last month and increasing by 14.3% against same period last year, of which arrivals from Asia increased by 16 ,2%; from Europe increased by 7.3%; from the Americas increased by 3.9%; from Oceania increased by 7.7%; from Africa increased by 13.1%. Generally, in the first 5 months of this year, international visitors to Vietnam were estimated at 7,295.5 thousand, up 8.8% over the same period last year, of which arrivals by airway reached 5,721.9 thousand people, up 6.3%; by roadway reached 1,443.6 thousand, increasing by 23.7%; by seaway reached 130 thousand, decreasing by 17.5%.

In 5 months, visitors from Asia reached 5,603.4 thousand, accounting for 76.8% of the total number of tourists coming to the country, going up by 9.9% over the same period last year. Of which, visitors from China reached 2,135.6 thousand, down 0.8%; South Korea 1,764.2 thousand people, up 22.4%; Japan 388.9 thousand people, up 13%; Taiwan reached 357.2 thousand, up 26%; Malaysia 252.5 thousand people, up 14.5%; Thailand 215.7 thousand people, up 47.5%; Singapore 116.6 thousand people, increasing by 3.4%

Visitors from Europe were estimated at 1,034.7 thousand arrivals, up 5.9% over the same period last year, of which: visitors from Russian Federation were 319.7 thousand arrivals, up 6.3%; from UK 146.3 thousand arrivals, up 5.7%; from France 141.9 thousand arrivals, up 1.5%; from Germany 108.4 thousand people, increasing by 6.1%; Italy 33.3 thousand people, up 11.4%; from Sweden 33.1 thousand people, up 8.3%; the Netherlands 32.5 thousand people, increasing by 4.6%.

Visitors from the Americas reached 441.6 thousand, up 4.9% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the United States reached 329.2 thousand, up 6%. Visitors from Oceania reached 196.2 thousand, up 1.5%, of which arrivals from Australia reached 175.6 thousand, up 0.6%. Visitors from Africa reached 19.7 thousand arrivals, up 9.2% over the same period in 2018.

  1. SOCIAL ISSUES

      a) Food shortage among farmers

Food shortage among farmers in May decreased sharply compared to the same period last year. The whole country witnessed 19.3 thousand households suffering from food shortage, a reduction of 38.6%, corresponding to 82.9 thousand people suffering from food shortage, down 37%. Generally, in the first 5 months, there were 63.2 thousand households suffering from food shortage in the country, a fall of 30.5% over the same period last year, equivalent to 255 thousand people suffering from food shortage, down 29.4%. In order to deal with food shortage situation, from the beginning of the year, all administrative authorities, sectors and organizations from central to local level supported these households with 3.6 thousand tons of rice.

       b) Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In May, the country had 2.9 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease (1 death); 6.8 thousand cases of dengue fever; 57 cases of viral meningitis (4 deaths); 4 cases of meningococcal disease; 5.7 thousand cases of hay fever like measles symptom, of which 1.2 thousand cases of measles positive; 220 people suffered from food poisoning (2 people died). Generally, in the first 5 months, there were nearly 14.4 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease (2 deaths) nationwide; 58.2 thousand cases of dengue fever (3 deaths); 187 cases of viral meningitis (8 deaths); 11 cases of meningococcal disease; 21.8 thousand cases of hay fever like measles symptom, of which 3.4 thousand cases of measles positive (1 death); 806 people with food poisoning (5 died).

The total number of alive HIV-infected persons over the country as of May 18, 2019 was 209.28 thousand people and 96.29 thousand cases turned to AIDS; the number of people died of HIV/AIDS nationwide as of above time-point was 98.29 thousand.

        c)Traffic accidents

In the period from 16 April to 15 May, there were 1,326 traffic accidents nationwide, including 713 traffic accidents of less serious or more and 613 traffic collisions, causing 558 deaths, 409 injuries and 666 minor injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in May decreased by 9.8% (the number of traffic accidents of less serious or more decreased by 8.4% and the number of traffic accidents decreased by 11.4%); the number of deaths decreased by 18.9%; the number of injured people decreased by 0.7% and the number of minor injuries decreased by 6.7%. It is noteworthy that there were some serious traffic accidents occurred in the month as follows: the accident on April 21 in Binh Duong killed 2 people and injured 1 person; the accident on April 29 in Lang Son between passenger car and tractor caused 1 death and 5 injuries; the accident on May 1 in Kim Lien Tunnel, Hanoi between car and motorcycle killed 2 people; the accident on May 5 on Highway 21 at the section crossing Hanoi, a military truck injured 30 people; Passenger-car accident on 11 May in Phu Loc, Thua Thien – Hue injured 18 people, many of whom were foreign tourists; the accident on May 15 in Quang Binh between motorbike and truck killed 2 people.

Generally for the first 5 months, there were 6,779 traffic accidents across the country, including 3,632 traffic accidents of less serious or more and 3,147 traffic crashes, causing 3,128 people died, 2,024 people injuried and 3,230 people slightly injured. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in the first 5 months decreased by 9.5% (the number of traffic accidents of less serious or more decreased by 6.4%; the number of traffic collisions decreased 12.8%); the number of deaths decreased by 10%; the number of injured people increased by 1.8% and the number of minor injuries decreased by 14.4%. On average, in the first 5 months, the whole country had 45 traffic accidents a day, including 24 traffic accidents of less serious or more and 21 traffic collisions, causing 21 deaths, 13 people injured and 21 people slightly injured.

        d) Damages caused by natural disasters

Natural disasters occurred in May 2019 were mainly hail, thunderstorms and landslides in some localities in the Northern Midlands and Mountains areas, Central and Mekong River Delta, causing 5 deaths and 9 people injured; 106 houses were collapsed; 5.6 thousand houses were unroofed and damaged; 7.7 thousand hectares of rice and vegetables were damaged. According to preliminary reports from localities, the total loss caused by natural disasters in the month was estimated at over 177 billion VND. For the first 5 months, natural disasters caused 15 people died and missed, 28 people injured; 533 houses collapsed, swept away; 18 thousand houses were unroofed and damaged; 15.3 thousand hectares of rice and vegetables were damaged. The total loss caused by natural disasters in 5 months was estimated at 372 billion VND.

        e) Fire and explosion prevention and environment protection

In May, 1,185 environmental violations were detected, including 1,024 cases with a total fine of nearly 8.5 billion VND. Generally, in the first 5 months, there were 4,204 environmental violations found in the whole country, including 3,686 cases with a total fine of VND 39.7 billion.

In May 2019, there were 304 fires and explosions in the whole country, causing 11 deaths and 9 injuries; property damage was estimated at 219 billion VND. Generally, in the first 5 months, the whole country happened 1,581 fires and explosions, causing 55 deaths and 83 injuries, property damage was estimated at over 484 billion VND./.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] Of which: 3 thousand hectares of land will be collected and cleared for industrial zones, roads, construction of tourist resorts and new urban centers; conversion of 2.9 thousand hectares to perennial crops, more than 0.8 thousand hectares to other annual crops and 0.9 thousand hectares to aquaculture; The rest was not cultivated due to lack of labor or lack of irrigation water.

[2] As of 23/5/2019, African swine fever was recorded to occur in 40/63 provinces, central cities, total disposal number of dead pigs was 1.7 million heads, holding 6.1% of total population.

[3] The IIP of the manufacturing in May of years from 2015 to 2019 was as follows: 110.2%; 111.5%; 109.1%; 109.1%; 111.6%, respectively.

[4] Because a company that manufacturing electronic components used an automatic production line, reducing the number of employees and a company that manufacturing electrical equipment was about to dissolve due to losses.

[5] Due to some enterprises manufacturing electronic components, children’s toys, and steel reduced their number of employees.

[6] Source: National Enterprise Registration Information System, Department of Business Registration Management/Agency, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[7] The number of newly registered enterprises in the first 5 months of 2015-2019 was 36,055 enterprises; 44,740 enterprises; 50,534 enterprises; 52,322 enterprises and 53,998 enterprises, respectively

[8] Compared to the same period last year, the number of enterprises decreased by 3%; the registered capital increased by 21.4%.

[9] In the first five months of 2018, the number of newly registered enterprises increased by 3.5% over the same period last year; the registered capital rose by 6.4%; the average registered capital per enterprise went up 2.8%.

[10] The growth rate of investment of the state budget in May compared with the same period previous year: 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 were 13.1%, 8.8%, 8% and 1.4%, respectively. The growth rate of investment of the state budget in the first 5 months compared to the same period last year: 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 were 12.1%, 5.5%, 9.3% and 3.1%, respectively.

[11] Number of newly licensed projects in 5 months of 2017-2019 was 939; 1,076 and 1,363 projects respectively. The newly registered capital in 5 months of 2017-2019 was 5.6 billion USD; 4.7 billion USD; and 6.5 billion USD, respectively.

[12] Trade deficit in April was estimated at 700 million USD.

[13] Particularly, the trade surplus to the EU reached 11.6 billion USD, dropped 0.9% over the same period last year; trade deficit from China was 16.2 billion USD, grew by 45.9%; trade deficit from South Korea was 11.3 billion USD, dropped 3.6%; trade deficit from ASEAN was 3.3 billion USD, grew by 25.7%.

[14] The average CPI growth rate of the first 5 months compared to the same period last year from 2017 to 2019 was 4.47%; 3.01%; 2.74%, respectively.

[15] Of which: Food group decreased by 0.37% because rice price decreased by 0.5%; foodstuff rose by 0.11%, although pork price decreased by 0.6%, foodstuff price still increased mainly because beef price increased by 0.14%; prices of living weight poultry increased by 0.3%; prices of fresh fishery products increased by 0.49%; prices of fresh vegetables increased by 0.95%.

[16] Due to the increase in textbook price group of 0.65%.